【 Health science 】 AIDS prevention knowledge

alopah Date:2021-08-03 14:24:48 From:alopah.com
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part 1


Basic knowledge of AIDS


AIDS, the full name of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), is caused by HIV a great harm of chronic infectious disease. It is spread through three types of contact: sexual, blood and mother-to-child. There is no cure, no cure, and no effective vaccine. The virus will slowly destroy the immune system, if not adhere to the standard treatment, the disease after the onset of rapid development, is a high fatality rate of serious infectious disease. Learning correct AIDS prevention knowledge and policy, do not have unprotected sex, refuse drugs can effectively prevent AIDS. Caring for, helping and not discriminating against AIDS patients and HIV-infected persons is an important aspect of prevention and control of AIDS. If high-risk behavior occurs, early HIV antibody testing. Early standard treatment for infected persons and patients can prolong life and improve the quality of life.


part 2


Who needs HIV antibody testing?


  1. Sexually active people who have unsafe sex with multiple sexual partners should be tested at least once every three months;


  1. Men or women who have had commercial sex, whether as clients or sex workers;


  1. People who have had sex with men to men, especially without using condoms;


  1. Spouses or sexual partners of HIV/AIDS infected persons should be tested at least once a year;


  1. Intravenous drug users who share syringes with others;


  1. Babies born to HIV-infected mothers;


  1. People who have been paid to sell blood (selling blood at illegal blood collection points) or suspected to have received unclean blood transfusion or injected with needles that have not been strictly sterilized;


  1. Pre-marital testing or part of prenatal testing for pregnant women;


  1. People who test positive for TB;


  1. People who test positive for sexually transmitted diseases.


In addition to the above, damaged skin and mucous membrane, accidentally virus contaminated blood, body fluids of people, sharing shaver, irregular contact by AIDS clinic tooth extractions, the use of unsterilized instruments tattooing also has the risk of infection, should do AIDS testing.


part 3


The best time to test for AIDS


When is the best time to test for AIDS? Should be in the high-risk behavior 4 weeks to 3 months after the detection of HIV antibody,3 months after the detection of HIV antibody, it is considered not infected with HIV. Unless, in the meantime, high-risk behavior occurs again. Determine whether infected with HIV mainly depends on the window period after the detection of HIV antibodies in the blood for judgment.




part 4


Can you tell whether a person is infected with AIDS by his appearance


Can’t. It is impossible to tell whether a person is infected with HIV from appearance alone. A person infected with HIV may appear perfectly healthy and energetic, but he can still transmit HIV to others. A blood test is the only way to know if a person is infected with HIV.


part 5


Does using new drugs increase the risk of HIV infection?


Will. The new synthetic drugs induce a state of hallucination and sexual arousal after consumption, resulting in high frequency, unprotected group promiscuous sex and a high risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.


part 6


How can I prevent HIV infection?


1.The fundamental measure to prevent the transmission of AIDS through sexual channels is to keep clean and observe sexual morality. The second is the correct use of condoms. The correct use of condoms can not only prevent pregnancy, but also prevent sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS. If you are not clear about your sexual partner’s physical health and sexual background, try to avoid having sexual relations with them.


2. the prevention of HIV infection through blood is first of all not to take drugs, especially not to share syringes or use undisinfected syringes for intravenous drug use; Another aspect is to avoid tooth extraction and other invasive procedures using unsterilized instruments and to avoid the use of unsafe blood and blood products. If a blood transfusion is necessary, use blood and blood products qualified for HIV antibody testing.


3.female HIV infected or patients try to avoid pregnancy, if already pregnant need to regular medical institutions for HIV mother-to-child block, the use of free antiretroviral drugs provided by the state, avoid breastfeeding, in order to reduce the probability of the child born infected with HIV.


part 7


What to do if INFECTED with HIV?


Do not panic if you find that you are infected with HIV. According to the work requirements and procedures, the CDC or the professionals designated by the CDC to engage in AIDS prevention and control will provide the designated hospital treatment referral, follow-up management and other services for THE HIV infected or AIDS patients to reduce the chance of transmission. What infected people should do is to go to the designated treatment hospitals in time to take their medicine according to the doctor’s instructions, improve their compliance with the medication, accept the follow-up management of medical staff, and fulfill the duties and obligations of infected people in accordance with the regulations on THE Prevention and Treatment of AIDS and other relevant national requirements, so as not to intentionally spread AIDS.


part 8


How to treat HIV infected and sick people correctly?


With AIDS patients and HIV infected people’s general living and working contact is not infected with AIDS, do not have to fear contact with AIDS patients. Do not discriminate against AIDS patients and HIV infected people, giving them humanitarian care and help is conducive to the prevention and control of AIDS. AIDS threatens every person and every family, prevention of AIDS is the responsibility of the whole society.

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