Carotid intima-media thickening health science education
The carotid artery is an artery the thickness of the little finger in front of the neck and on either side of the trachea. It is the main artery that flows blood from the heart to the brain. Touch down with your hand at the Angle of the jaw, and you can feel the two arteries beating with the beat of the heart. Carotid intimedia thickening is a manifestation of atherosclerosis, which is mostly seen in middle-aged and elderly people and is clinically judged by ultrasound.
What are the factors causing carotid intima-media thickening?
(1) The factor of age usually leads to the gradual thickening of the inner media of the carotid artery with the increase of age, and the elasticity of the carotid artery will become weak and the brittleness will increase.
(2) Carotid media thickening is also directly positively correlated with hyperlipidemia in the body. For example, high cholesterol level and high low density lipoprotein level in the blood will also lead to the formation of atherosclerosis plaque in the carotid artery and lead to media thickening.
(3) Some hypertensive factors can also lead to the thickening of the inner and medial arteries.
(4) Some patients with excessively high blood viscosity may also have carotid media thickening.
What are the harms of carotid intima-media thickening?
Normally, the intima of the artery is smooth, without thickening, and there is no plaque. With the occurrence of atherosclerosis, the carotid artery can show thickening of the inner and medial membrane, and in severe cases, there can be plaque or even carotid stenosis. The main harm is to lead to insufficient blood supply of cerebrovascular, causing headaches, dizziness and other symptoms. If the disease develops further, it will form thrombosis, cause the necrosis of brain tissue, and lead to hemiplegia, hemiblindness and hemiplegia of the limbs.
How to deal with carotid plaque?
The thickening of the carotid intimedia can be returned to normal with lifestyle interventions and some oral statins. Follow-up was conducted, and carotid artery color ultrasound was performed every 6 to 12 months if necessary, to closely monitor the rate and extent of carotid intima-media thickening. If intimal thickening develops into carotid stenosis, aggressive interventional therapy is required.
Health care measures for carotid intima-media thickening
Carotid intima-media thickness, to change the bad habits of living and eating habits, to give up smoking, drinking light diet and avoid spicy food intake, want to proper motion, at the same time increase the blood circulation, increase cardiac contractile force, so that to avoid the blood stasis in local and lead to the formation of plaques, at the same time to a good control of hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia, For people with high blood lipids, taking statins orally can not only reduce the content of triglycerides and cholesterol in blood, but also have a certain reversal effect on the formation of small local plaque in carotid artery.