The scary thing about diabetes is that it has more than 100 complications! Some complications are irreversible and can cause severe physical and financial burdens when they occur.
Diabetes complications prevention strategy
Severe diabetes complications can cause disability or even death. Patients with a 10-year history of diabetes had a 98 percent chance of developing complications if their blood sugar was poorly controlled.
Therefore, for patients with diabetes, the goal of stable blood glucose control is to reduce and delay the occurrence of diabetes complications. So, what are the effective ways to prevent the complications of diabetes?
1.Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases of diabetic patients
Compared with non-diabetic patients, patients with diabetes have a 2-4 times increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, which account for the most important part of the medical costs of diabetes.
Early countermeasures for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases:
Keep a healthy diet, exercise and maintain a reasonable weight;
Limit salt intake to less than 6 grams per day (about 1 beer bottle cap);
Avoid high-fat diet and monitor blood lipid regularly;
Determine the target of blood pressure control and measure it regularly. Blood pressure control goals for diabetic patients: < 140/80mmHg;
Follow the doctor’s advice and use hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering and hypotensive drugs rationally;
Keep your blood sugar up to standard.
2. diabetic nephropathy
The prevalence of diabetic nephropathy in diabetic population reaches 20-40%, and diabetic nephropathy is the main cause of renal failure in diabetic patients.
Often check renal function, urinary protein qualitative, 24-hour urinary protein quantitative, and pay attention to the measurement of blood pressure, fundus examination;
If possible, urine UACR and β2- microglobulin should be determined to detect early diabetic nephropathy;
Keep your blood sugar up to standard.
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of new cases of blindness in adults aged 20-74 years. In adults with type 2 diabetes, 20-40% develop retinopathy and 8% have vision loss.
Go to regular hospital for eye examination;
Good control of blood sugar and blood pressure;
Lifestyle changes (control of high sugar and fat diet, etc.)
Are the most common chronic complications, including:
Strict control of blood glucose is the prerequisite for the prevention and treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Meanwhile, comprehensive treatment of blood pressure, blood lipid and weight loss is also critical.
Stop smoking, limit alcohol, and develop a healthy lifestyle.
Regular screening, early prevention and treatment.
5.Diabetic foot disease
Diabetic foot is one of the most serious and costly chronic complications of diabetes.
The relative risk of lower limb amputation in diabetics is 40 times that of non-diabetics.
About 85 percent of amputations in diabetics are caused by foot ulcers.
Symptoms of diabetic foot:
Dry, cold, pigmented skin on both feet;
Lower limbs can have a tingling, numbness, “sock” change;
There may be foot deformity, calluses (” calluses “);
Walking is prone to fatigue, and even pain;
The skin is not easy to heal after ulceration, easy to form ulcer, gangrene.
To prevent complications, we also need to pay attention to these
1. good mood, healthy lifestyle;
2.Regular monitoring of blood glucose, blood pressure and blood lipid;
3.Check your eyesight regularly;
4.Pay attention to renal function test;
5.Pay attention to physical discomfort and check your feet frequently.
In addition to the above, sugar friends should also beware of some special conditions, such as ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, etc. In case of paresthesia, seek medical treatment in time to avoid serious consequences.
Diabetes can be prevented and controlled, so can its complications. The key is to pay attention to the good control of blood sugar, blood pressure and blood lipid, and do regular health screening, so as to prevent the occurrence of complications and keep healthy!