Throughout the year, in addition to the intense and busy work, people inevitably encounter physical discomfort in their daily lives, some people delay treatment, or take the wrong medicine, resulting in a lot of harm to the body. Today on health issues, doctors collate 10 of the most common disease response methods! The effect is doubled, it is recommended to collect.
Common disease one: cardiovascular disease
According to the emergency statistics of major hospitals in previous years, we will find that the elderly account for the largest proportion. During the Spring Festival, many potential factors can trigger cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. For example, the cold climate makes the human blood vessels, especially the coronary arteries, prone to contraction and spasm, which can cause insufficient blood supply in the body and may lead to embolism. It is also easier to consume too much high-fat and high-calorie food during the Spring Festival, which leads to higher lipids in the blood vessels and increased blood viscosity, causing heart attacks, strokes and other diseases. During the Spring Festival holiday, friends and relatives tend to play cards, mahjong and other stimulating entertainment to pass the time, and these activities tend to make the elderly too emotional, resulting in faster heart rate and higher blood pressure, which may induce a sudden attack of stroke or heart attack. For cardiovascular disease, young people should not be taken lightly, excessive excitement, serious lack of rest during the holidays, coupled with a lot of socializing, a lot of smoke, alcohol intake, will make the heart rate increase, blood pressure increase, easy to induce coronary heart disease, cerebral hemorrhage.
Symptoms and countermeasures: 1. Once syncope occurs, let the patient lie flat in a ventilated place, elevate the lower limbs, drink sugar boiled water or pinch the patient’s Hegu point (tiger mouth position) with force. If you cannot recover, take the patient to the hospital immediately. 2. After the onset of hypertension, reassure the patient to take it easy and rest in bed. Take antihypertensive drugs immediately. If the patient suddenly develops a severe headache, accompanied by vomiting, or even impaired consciousness and limb paralysis, let the patient lie flat on his back with his head tilted to the side so that vomit is not inhaled into the respiratory tract. 3. When a heart attack occurs in a patient with heart disease, untie the tighter clothes around the neck, chest and waist. Keep the patient warm, and cover with blankets or clothing if necessary. Be careful not to shake the patient or splash him with ice water to try to wake him up, and do not let him eat or drink.
Common disease two: acute gastroenteritis
During the holiday season, the routine of many families is completely disrupted, playing cards, playing, visiting friends and relatives become the main daily work, meals also become irregular, and even a hungry meal, a full meal, a cold meal, a hot meal phenomenon, gastrointestinal function is seriously weakened, or in unclean food stalls and other places to eat food containing pathogenic bacteria and toxins, causing acute inflammatory changes in the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract.
The main symptoms: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, etc. In severe cases, dehydration and shock may also occur. Generally speaking, patients with acute gastroenteritis tend to have nausea and vomiting first, followed by diarrhea, which can range from 3-5 or even up to dozens of times a day.
Response: Once these phenomena occur, rest in bed as much as possible, while taking oral glucose electrolyte solution or sweetened saline to replenish lost body fluids. If vomiting persists or diarrhea is severe, go to the hospital immediately for examination and intravenous fluids. In this case, the patient should eat light, liquid or semi-liquid food to relieve the gastrointestinal burden.
Common disease three: alcohol poisoning
The uncontrolled consumption of alcohol is a direct cause of alcohol poisoning.
The main symptoms: In addition to vomiting, alcoholics also show signs of excessive talking, slurred speech and clumsy movements during the nervous excitement period. When the intoxicated person enters the period of drowsiness, he or she generally shows pale face, slightly purple lips, wet and cold skin, falling body temperature, dilated pupils, fast pulse, slow breathing and snoring.
Countermeasures: When friends and family get together, they should also remind each other to drink slowly, and not to drink on an empty stomach. If someone has manic symptoms due to excessive drinking, never use sedatives, and do not use your fingers to stimulate the pharynx to induce vomiting, because this will increase intra-abdominal pressure and lead to reflux of lysates in the duodenum, thus triggering acute pancreatitis.
Common disease four: upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Gastrointestinal bleeding caused by ulcer disease and chronic liver disease is also the most predominant GI disease around the holidays, and almost all new cases have the experience of attending various dinner events for multiple days in a row.
In most of these patients, they did not know they had ulcer disease or liver disease, but when the weather is colder, the human body vasoconstricts and the blood supply to the mucosa of the digestive tract decreases, so ulcer disease and liver disease become apparent, and if the diet is not controlled at this time, eating too much, consuming too much high-protein food such as fish and shrimp, or drinking too much alcohol, gastrointestinal bleeding is very likely to occur.
In addition, if the patient happens to have a cold at this time, taking some antipyretic and analgesic drugs to destroy the gastric mucosa, the condition will be more serious. For those patients with chronic liver disease, excessive socializing can lead to physical and mental exhaustion, improper diet, which can lead to liver failure, liver necrosis, and a high mortality rate of ruptured esophagogastric fundic varices with a high chance of hemorrhage.
Main symptoms: If you vomit coffee-colored food or pass black stool, it may be a sign of stomach bleeding.
Response: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is very dangerous and should be seen by a hospital immediately.
Common disease five: acute pancreatitis
The modern diet is usually heavy, fat, protein content, excessive greasy food on the table, coupled with the stimulation of alcohol on the gastrointestinal mucosa, can cause edema of the pancreas, resulting in acute pancreatitis. The onset of acute pancreatitis is very dangerous and can be considered the most typical “holiday disease”.
The main symptoms: pain in the upper abdomen or left upper abdomen that radiates to the left lower back within one to two hours after a meal, along with fever, nausea, vomiting, and shock symptoms such as a rapid pulse and decreased blood pressure.
Response: Since acute pancreatitis has a rapid onset, the condition is dangerous and can cause death in severe cases, so you need to seek treatment at the hospital promptly after the appearance of the above symptoms.
Common disease six: acute cholecystitis
As a result of eating or drinking a lot of alcohol during the holidays, or eating too greasy, it may also lead to excessive bile secretion, which can trigger acute cholecystitis, or an acute attack of gallstone disease.
Main symptoms: Acute cholecystitis is characterized by pain in the right upper abdomen, radiating to the right lower back, accompanied by fever, vomiting and other symptoms.
Countermeasures: If the condition and symptoms are more serious, you should seek treatment at the hospital in time.
Common disease seven: peptic ulcer perforation
If you have an old history of peptic ulcers, and then overeat during the Spring Festival, it is easy to induce ulcer perforation.
The main symptoms: sudden onset of severe pain in the upper abdomen, abdominal muscle tension, there is obvious pressure pain, rebound pain, and often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, some people may also appear shock symptoms.
Response measures: You should go to the hospital promptly, if necessary, surgical treatment is required.
Common disease eight: cat and dog bites
Now many families like to have cats, dogs and other pets, New Year’s Eve, many people, pets easily frightened and injured. Therefore, when visiting the homes of friends and relatives who have pets, they may be scratched and bitten by cats and dogs.
Main symptoms: In general, children are most likely to be bitten by cats and dogs, usually on the face.
Response: Immediately after being scratched or bitten by a pet, rinse the wound with plenty of soapy water, repeatedly and many times, to minimize the invasion of the virus. Whether scratched or bitten by a cat or dog, be sure to get a rabies vaccination as soon as possible, no more than 24 hours.
Common disease nine: nose bleeding
Nose bleeding is most likely to occur in winter, which is the medical term “epistaxis”. When the climate is dry and cold, the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity also becomes dry and fragile, and it is easy to be injured and cause small blood vessels to rupture. In the case of people with hypertension, nosebleeds are more urgent. In particular, some anti-hypertensive drugs can cause the peripheral blood vessels to dilate, resulting in more bleeding.
Response strategy:For minor bleeding, the patient can be placed in a semi-sitting or side-lying position with the head slightly lowered in front of the patient, switch to mouth breathing to keep the airway open, and use fingers to compress the nose to stop the bleeding, and the bleeding will naturally decrease or stop in about 10 minutes. High or rapid bleeding, especially when combined with high blood pressure or other medical conditions, often requires urgent medical help.
Common disease ten: respiratory disease
When the weather gets cold, the respiratory system is the first to be tested. Some people experience chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma several times a year. Some of the more common winter infections include influenza, rubella, measles, and the less common but more deadly epidemic meningitis, mumps, and hemorrhagic fever, all related to the irritation of the respiratory tract by dry, cold air. The change in climate is the first test of immunity, and if you don’t pay attention to exercise in general, plus the closed indoor air doesn’t circulate with the outside often, then illness is likely to be frequent.
Coping strategies:Don’t put on very thick clothes all at once because you are afraid of the cold, and don’t stay in the air conditioning room all day to enjoy the warmth created by the air conditioner. The best way is to get yourself moving, because exercise not only promotes blood circulation in the body and enhances cardiopulmonary function, it is also a very beneficial exercise for our respiratory system. You will soon find that you don’t need to wear thick cotton clothes to go out. Of course, entering the flu season, flu shots are also necessary to protect your health.
Doctors collate the 10 most common diseases to deal with! The effect is doubled by the right disease, it is recommended to collect. Because these common diseases are commonly occurring in all kinds of people, if people are treated in the right way can make the patient less painful and heal faster. Therefore, it is recommended that the majority of friends can learn these daily health care methods in the future, perhaps it will help you.