Last week, a singer blew himself up with more than 70 ulcers in his mouth and got hand foot mouth disease. Netizens joked that this is not a mouth ulcer, it is clearly a mouth on the ulcer ah. Hand foot mouth disease is not just children can get, why can adults also get? How to avoid falling into the trap in daily life? Ten questions and ten answers to help you clear the fog.
What is hand foot mouth disease? How to distinguish?
Hand foot mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease caused by enterovirus. There are more than 20 enteroviruses that cause HFMD. The most common ones are enterovirus 71 (EV71) and Coxsackie virus A16 (CoxA16), among which EV71 infection is more serious. Although it is listed as a class C infectious disease in China, although it is not as well known as diseases such as SARS and AIDS, but its impact can not be underestimated.
How is HFMD spread?
Hand foot mouth disease (HFMD) is transmitted through the digestive tract, respiratory tract and contact. It is mainly transmitted through close contact with stool, herpes fluid, nasopharyngeal secretions and saliva of patients, and by contact with contaminated hands, towels, handkerchiefs, dental cups, toys, tableware, feeding bottles, bedding and other objects or environments. The first week after illness is the most infectious.
What are the symptoms of hand foot mouth disease?
Children infected with hand foot mouth disease virus, usually there will be some early symptoms, like a cold and fever, such as low fever, poor appetite, depression, etc. Then there will be a sore throat or dry mouth, then the child’s oral mucosa will appear 1 to 3 mm sized blisters, and a few hours later, blisters into ulcers.
Next, a blister-like rash develops on the child’s hands, feet or other skin. Unlike normal rashes, these rashes are thick and firm under the epidermis, and are found around the edges of the fingers and palms or at the ends of the torso. Of course, not all children will have all the symptoms, and some children will just have a low grade fever and a rash in the mouth.
How is disease of hand foot mouth treated? How long will it take?
If you get hand foot mouth disease, in most cases it will heal itself within 7 to 10 days without sequelae and scars on the skin. According to previous come on and cure a situation to look, have individual severe disease patient to appear meningitis, pneumonia to wait possibly only, want to cooperate a doctor actively only, give corresponding drug treatment, majority can heal.
Infants and children are susceptible to HFMD
It is common among infants and children, and children aged 3 and under are more likely to get sick. As a result of the adult’s immune system is more perfect, once the adult is infected, generally do not come on, also without any symptom. But if you get infected, you can spread the virus, so adults need to take care not to pass it on to children.
How should the average family prevent it?
The key to preventing hand foot mouth disease is to pay attention to the hygiene of the family and surrounding environment and pay attention to personal hygiene. Wash hands with soap or hand sanitizer before meals, after using the toilet and after going out; Do not drink raw water or eat raw or cold food. The room should always be ventilated; Dry clothes and quilts frequently. During the epidemic, do not take children to crowded public places with poor ventilation, and avoid contact with sick children. The popular period can be checked every morning the child’s skin (mainly palm, foot) and oral cavity is abnormal, pay attention to the change of the child’s temperature.
What should children do once they appear in the family?
Hand foot and mouth disease is highly contagious. In order to prevent the spread, parents should do a good job of home disinfection when children are quarantined at home:
(1) The baby’s toys should be exposed to the sun for at least 2 hours a day, or wipe or soak for 15 minutes with disinfectant, and then wipe and clean with water.
(2) The baby’s tableware should be boiled and disinfected for 20 minutes a day or disinfected with the disinfection cupboard.
(3) The baby’s clothes need to be washed separately, exposed to the sun for at least 2 hours, or soaked in disinfectant for 30 minutes before cleaning.
(4) The baby’s personal hygiene products should be dedicated; Wash one’s hands after pool, tub is used want to clean, disinfect, usable disinfectant wipe or soak 30 minutes.
(5) Use disinfectant to wipe the floors, doorknobs, stair rails, bed rails, tables, chairs, benches, faucets, toilet rails and other surfaces at home.
(6) Open the window for ventilation and keep the air circulation. Ventilate at least 3 times a day for at least 30 minutes each time.