AIDS is a kind of infectious disease that seriously endangers the health of all mankind. If it is not controlled properly, it will spread widely among the population, causing unimaginable consequences.
Many people have heard of AIDS, but not everyone knows that there are two types of AIDS. What kind of AIDS has caused us so much harm? Here is an introduction.
When it comes to the types of AIDS, we have to mention the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS in the first place.
Depending on the genetic sequence of HIV, scientists have classified it into two types: HIV-1 and HIV-2. The two types of HIV cause different clinical manifestations of AIDS.
At present, some people who are afraid of AIDS put forward the so-called “Yin zi disease”, is in addition to the above two types of other than another type of virus infection, domestic and foreign research institutions after a large number of studies, confirmed that “Yin zi disease” does not exist.
1.Hiv-1: The Cause of the Global AIDS epidemic
Hiv-1 is the main type that causes the global EPIDEMIC of AIDS, and the virus that is prevalent in most countries is HIV-1.
The vast majority of AIDS patients that we see are HIV-1. It leads to the onset of AIDS symptoms we usually see the “classic” symptoms. The symptoms fall into three main categories.
The first type is HIV-1, which grows and reproduces in the human body. The onset of AIDS is characterized by fever, diarrhea, night sweating and unexplained weight loss lasting more than a month.
The second type is AIDS patients because of the immunity decline is very serious, prone to a variety of infectious diseases, known as opportunistic infections, the most common is pneumocystis pneumonia (once known as pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, pneumocystis cariniI pneumonia).
The third category is also caused by the weakened immune system of AIDS patients, who are prone to tumors, the most typical of which are Kaposi’s sarcoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
For the treatment of this type of AIDS, the medical community has a very interesting name called “cocktail therapy”, is like mixing a cocktail, several different antiviral drugs according to a reasonable dose and course of treatment, together for the control of the growth and reproduction of this virus, so that AIDS can be effectively controlled.
2.Hiv-2: A virus confined to a few areas
Hiv-2 was first isolated in humans in West Africa (West Africa) in 1986, and is now mainly confined to West Africa and Western Europe. There are also a small number of cases in North America, and a small number of infected people have been found in some parts of China.
Hiv-2 has a low ability to transmit and cause AIDS. Some people infected with HIV-2 appear to have AIDS-like symptoms, but the vast majority do not.
If there are the following related behavior or performance, it is necessary to pay attention to whether they are infected with HIV-2 type, and go to the regular hospital for help in a timely manner.
Growing in West Africa and having high-risk behaviours that can lead to HIV infection, such as multiple sexual partners and intravenous drug use.
There were sexual partners from West Africa.
Received blood products from West Africa.
The mother was infected with HIV-2.
The following opportunistic infections are suspected but test negative for HIV-1: pneumocystis, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus infection, mycobacterium avian-intracellular complex infection.
Because HIV-2 and HIV-1 have the same route of transmission, hiv-2 infected people need to follow the same precautions as HIV-1. In addition, it is possible for a person to be infected with BOTH HIV-1 and HIV-2.