Heart disease is a relatively common type of circulatory disease. The circulatory system is composed of the heart, blood vessels and the neurohumoral tissues that regulate blood circulation.
1, Congenital heart disease is caused by abnormal development of the heart in the fetal period, and the lesions can involve all tissues of the heart.
2, Acquired heart disease, the heart is affected by external or intrinsic factors after birth. For example: coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, pulmonary heart disease, infectious heart disease, endocrine heart disease, hematologic heart disease, nutritional metabolic heart disease, etc.
Some patients often ask, “I have a heart disease, I have been diagnosed with myocardial infarction, and even had heart surgery, can I still participate in sports and exercise? How much exercise can my heart handle? What kind of exercise is suitable for me?
Specialists can tell you clearly that heart patients can exercise and get even more benefits from it! What are the benefits of regular exercise for the heart?
1, regular exercise can increase the heart and lung reserve function, enhance the body’s ability to resist disease and self-healing power.
2, Regular exercise can stabilize plaque and even reverse plaque, which is no less effective than statins, and also promote the formation of coronary vascular collateral circulation to realize its own vascular bypass and treat refractory myocardial ischemia.
3, regular exercise can improve heart function, improve heart ejection fraction, reduce the risk of recurrent hospitalization for heart failure, reduce the risk of all-cause mortality and the risk of cardiovascular events.
4, regular exercise can regulate blood lipids, especially lower triglycerides and raise high-density lipoprotein (lipoproteins that have a protective effect on blood vessels).
5,Regular exercise can stabilize mood, improve sleep, regulate blood pressure and heart rate, and bring down excessive blood pressure and heart rate.
6, regular exercise can increase the sensitivity of insulin, is an effective means of glucose-lowering treatment.
7,Regular exercise can reduce platelet aggregation, increase fibrinolysis and reduce the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke.
What does the exercise prescription include?
Of course, exercise for heart patients requires a doctor’s prescription. Your doctor will develop an exercise prescription that is appropriate for your age, condition, and lifestyle so that you can participate in exercise more safely and effectively.
Exercise prescriptions usually include intensity, frequency, duration, and type of exercise.
Exercise intensity: Exercise intensity can be adjusted in 3 ways.
1, target heart rate: is the heart rate to be achieved by exercise. When exercising, the heart rate will accelerate to meet muscle demand for oxygen, and the more intense the exercise, the faster the heart rate will be. You can adjust the intensity of exercise according to the target heart rate set by the exercise prescription, if the heart rate is lower than the target heart rate, you can slowly increase the speed and intensity, so as to ensure the effectiveness and safety of exercise.
2, talk: exercise makes you breathe deeper and faster than usual, but should not feel shortness of breath. When you are exercising you can also maintain the normal speed of conversation, but not singing, defined as moderate intensity aerobic exercise.
3, the degree of self-perceived exertion: self-perceived exertion scoring method (RPE) is divided into 6-20 levels from low to high, self-measured exertion, generally choose 13 ~ 14 levels, that is, the exercise feels slightly hard and hard, but should not feel very hard.
Frequency of exercise: The heart will only benefit from effective regular exercise, at least 30 minutes of exercise each time after the condition is stable, 3-5 times a week, with at least one break per week.
Exercise duration: You may exercise for only 10-15 minutes at first, and as your heart function and fitness return, you may exercise for 30 minutes or more. After the duration of exercise increases to at least 30 minutes at a time, then increase the intensity of exercise. Some medications can affect heart rate and blood pressure, such as B blockers, calcium channel blockers, digoxin, nitrates, medications for lung disease, and cortisone.