When it comes to pneumonia, we may think of pediatric pneumonia, but in fact, pneumonia is not only in children, but also common in adults, especially the elderly. So what exactly is pneumonia? To do so, Alopah online interviewed the hospital’s respiratory specialist.
What does the clinical symptom of pneumonia have?
Doctors said that people often say pneumonia is inflammation of lung tissue, that is often said “lung inflammation”, alveoli can be filled with pus and other fluids, making it difficult for oxygen to reach the blood, affecting respiratory function, serious respiratory failure. Pneumonia can be caused by viruses, mycoplasma, chlamydia, bacteria, fungi, parasites and other infections. It can also be caused by chemical inhalation such as aspiration of stomach contents and inhalation of a large number of toxic chemical gases within a short period of time. But the most important reason is a variety of pathogen infection, especially bacterial infection. There are many symptoms, but in clinical, mainly through the following five manifestations to confirm the diagnosis:
1, cough, expectoration, or the original chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis and other diseases, originally had long-term chronic cough, expectoration, but now cough symptoms are significantly worse, expectoration increased, expectoration purulent, not easy to cough, accompanied by chest pain, dyspnea, etc.
2, chills, fever, body temperature greater than or equal to 38 degrees, or hypothermia. Conscious of lack of strength, extreme fatigue, anorexia, muscle pain, abdominal pain, etc.
3, the doctor physical examination visible lung consolidation signs or stethoscope can hear wet rales and so on.
4，The blood routine changes were observed in the hospital for examination and blood drawing test. The leukocytes in the blood were significantly increased or decreased, and the leukocytes were increased >10X109/L or decreased <4X109/L.
5，Chest X examination showed patchy or patchy infiltrating shadows or qualitative changes in the lungs, with or without pleural effusion.
Doctors remind that lung lesions found in any of the above 1-4 items plus item 5 chest X-ray examination can be diagnosed as pneumonia after comprehensive evaluation and analysis by doctors, excluding tuberculosis, lung tumors, pulmonary interstitial disease, pulmonary edema, atelectasis, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary eosinophil infiltration and pulmonary vasculitis.
Most pneumonia is not contagious, but it is contagious if it is caused by influenza, highly pathogenic avian influenza, mycoplasma pneumonia, legionella pneumonia, and other infections. Therefore, doctors recommend that the elderly and people with weakened immune function should not be in close contact with pneumonia patients.
What is viral pneumonia?
In addition, doctors also mentioned viral pneumonia, which is inflammation of the lungs caused by the invasion of the lung parenchyma by several different types of viruses, with obstructed air exchange at the alveolar level. Viruses are common pathogens that cause respiratory tract infections, which are usually self-limited. Viral infections can cause common infections, sinusitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
“Viral pneumonia is more common in infants, immune-compromised and the elderly, and the clinical manifestations vary according to the type of virus infected, the age of the patient and the immune status of the patient.”
Doctors emphasize that because viral pneumonia has a certain self-limiting, but if the individual resistance is poor, or at the same time there are immune deficiency diseases, such as serious heart disease, kidney disease, it is necessary to closely observe, when necessary with reasonable treatment; If complications, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome or multiple organ failure, occur, seek prompt medical attention.
Should vaccine of 23 valence pneumonia hit?
Some people wonder if pneumonia can be prevented by vaccination. In this regard, doctors said that pneumonia can be prevented, that is, through vaccination of 23 price pneumonia vaccine to prevent pneumonia caused by pneumococcal infection. The 23-valent pneumonia vaccine contains purified pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide, which covers 23 serotypes that frequently cause pneumococcal infection. These 23 serotypes are responsible for approximately 90% of pneumonia in the community. The 23-valent pneumonia vaccine can induce antibody production 2-3 weeks after injection. Effectively prevent pneumococcal infection caused by various diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia, etc. Of course, the 23-valent pneumonia vaccine is not effective against infection with other pathogens or other causes of pneumonia.
Doctors also mentioned that the 23-price pneumonia vaccine has been used for more than 14 years in more than 30 countries and regions such as the United States, The United Kingdom, Canada and so on. The protection rate after vaccination is as high as 92%. In principle, it is suitable for people over 2 years old, especially recommended to high-risk groups, such as the elderly over 65 years old, such as the elderly living in homes; Persons with low immune capacity; Persons who are frequently hospitalized (e.g. due to diabetes, chronic bronchitis, respiratory insufficiency, heart failure, tobacco or alcohol dependence); Persons with immunodeficiency (e.g. due to splenectomy, sickle cell anemia, nephrotic syndrome, etc.). The 13-valent pneumonia vaccine is recommended for children under 2 years of age.
What does pneumonic diet notice?
So if you accidentally get pneumonia, what should you pay attention to? Doctors believe that the priority is seek specialist advice and treatment in time, and pay more attention to daily life habits, such as diet, with pneumonia often associated with high fever, cough, sputum, etc., at this time of the gastrointestinal tract digestive function is poorer, to eat more digestible food, rich in protein and vitamins, water more, not to drink and the food diet acrimony stimulation, Avoid aggravating the burden of gastrointestinal tract, maintain a regular life, etc.