Encyclopedia of diseases | postpartum depression


alopah Date:2021-08-26 11:32:05 From:alopah.com
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Postpartum depression is a kind of psychiatric disease in women postpartum. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as rapid changes in postpartum hormones, genetic factors, obstetric factors (tension and fear caused by dystocia, delayed delivery, vaginal midwifery, etc.), postpartum infection, postpartum maladjustment, lack of sleep and so on. The main manifestations of postpartum depression: persistent depression, manifested as gloomy expression, lethargy, sleepiness, easy to cry, crying, depression, depression, often lose his temper because of small things, excessive anxiety about the baby’s health, worry about not taking care of the baby, unwilling to feed the baby, feel meaningless life, loss of appetite, loss of sexual desire or loss. Serious cases have suicidal tendencies or behaviors that hurt infants, etc. The main treatment of postpartum depression is psychotherapy and drug treatment to improve symptoms. Postpartum depression often seriously affects normal life, work and physical health due to various adverse emotions. Serious cases can have suicidal tendencies and harm infants. After active treatment, most patients with postpartum depression can improve their symptoms.

 

Department: Psychiatric Department

 

Etiology: the etiology of postpartum depression is complex, including biological factors and psychosocial factors.

 

Biological factors

 

Endocrine factors: in the process of pregnancy and delivery, great changes have taken place in the endocrine environment in the body, especially in the 24 hours after delivery, the sharp change of hormone level in the body is mainly the sudden decrease of placental steroid hormone secretion after delivery.

 

Obstetric factors, intrapartum and postpartum complications, dystocia, delayed delivery, the use of assisted reproductive technology, long time of the first stage of labor, vaginal midwifery, surgery, etc. will bring tension and fear to pregnant women, lead to increased physiological and psychological stress and induce postpartum depression.

 

The incidence rate of women with genetic factors and family history is high.

 

Physical disease factors. Parturients with physical diseases or disabilities have developed postpartum depression, especially infection and fever, which have a certain impact on the promotion of postpartum depression.

 

postpartum depression

 

Psychosocial factors

 

1.Insufficient psychological preparation before delivery.

 

2. Postpartum maladjustment.

 

3. Poor mood in the early postpartum period.

 

4. Lack of sleep.

 

5. Taking care of the baby is too tired.

 

6. The maternal age is small.

 

7. The relationship between husband and wife is not harmonious.

 

8. Lack of social support.

 

9. Family economic status.

 

10. Infant gender and health status, etc.

 

symptom

 

1.Persistent depression, manifested as gloomy expression, listlessness, sleepiness, easy to cry, crying, depressed mood, depression, and often lose his temper due to small things.

 

2. Worry too much about the baby’s health, worry about not taking good care of the baby, and be unwilling to feed the baby.

 

3. Feel that life is meaningless.

 

4. Decreased appetite.

 

5. Decreased or lost sexual desire.

 

6. Serious cases have suicidal tendency or behavior of hurting infants.

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