Patients with hypertension often have a sudden hypertension emergency due to many obvious incentives, and most of them occur at home. At this time, how to give first aid? Cardiovascular hospital doctors pointed out that if family members have middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension, they should generally be equipped with first-aid supplies for cardiovascular diseases such as stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, commonly used antihypertensive drugs and nitroglycerin preparations.
If possible, oxygen bags can also be added for first-aid. Once the disease occurs, correct first aid measures should be taken in time, which can win valuable time for saving the patient’s life.
Hypertensive crisis: severe headache due to sudden increase of blood pressure, accompanied by neurological symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, chest tightness, visual impairment and blurred consciousness.
First aid measures for hypertension: at this moment, the patient should stay in bed and take antihypertensive measures immediately. Compound antihypertensive tablets can be selected, and diuretics can be added to reduce the blood pressure to a certain level as far as possible. Patients with vague consciousness should be given oxygen. If the symptoms are not relieved, they should be escorted to the nearby hospital for emergency treatment in time. At the same time, the causes and incentives of hypertension crisis should be further investigated to prevent recurrence.
Angina pectoris: if patients with hypertension have obvious coronary atherosclerosis, they can develop angina pectoris. The onset is mostly due to emotional fluctuation, fatigue or excessive satiety. The symptoms are paroxysmal pain and chest tightness in the chest area, which can radiate to the neck and left upper limb. In severe cases, they have symptoms such as pale face, cold sweat and so on.
First aid measures for angina pectoris: at this time, the family should immediately let them have a quiet rest, contain 1 piece of nitroglycerin under the tongue, and give oxygen inhalation at the same time. The symptoms can be gradually alleviated. If they can’t be alleviated, they need to prepare a car immediately and send it to the hospital for first aid to prevent delaying the condition.
Acute myocardial infarction: this symptom has an acute onset, often with severe angina pectoris, pale face, cold sweat, irritability, fatigue and even fainting. The symptoms and consequences are much more serious than angina pectoris. The patient has a near death terror that he has never experienced. If the patient has a sudden palpitation and shortness of breath, he has a sitting breathing state, a cyanotic lip, and a pink foam like sputum, he should consider acute left heart failure.
First aid measures for acute myocardial infarction: at this time, the family must let the patient stay in bed absolutely, that is, don’t get up for diet and urination to avoid aggravating the burden on the heart. They can take diazepam, analgesic, cardiotonic and antiasthmatic drugs first, and call an ambulance for first aid at the same time.
Don’t take a bus or help the patient walk to the hospital, so as to prevent the expansion of the scope of myocardial infarction and even cardiac arrest, Life threatening. Acute myocardial infarction often leads to cardiac arrest. Family members should master the commonly used cardiac resuscitation treatment methods to win time and wait for doctors to come for treatment.
Cerebral hemorrhage: blood pressure often rises suddenly on the eve of onset, with obvious inducement. The patient may have transient dizziness, headache, nausea, numbness, fatigue and other symptoms, or sudden severe symptoms such as severe headache, vomiting, unconsciousness, mouth and eye deviation, unilateral limb paralysis and so on.
First aid measures for cerebral hemorrhage: according to statistics, family treatment is very important after cerebral hemorrhage. At this time, the patient should be fully bedridden, the head should be slightly padded up, and then lie on his back and side, so that the vomit can be discharged in time to avoid suffocation, and oxygen can be given.
The patient should be carried to the hospital for first aid with a stretcher as soon as possible and avoid vibration. In particular, the patient is required to move less, because early moving can aggravate the patient’s bleeding, which needs the attention of the family.