Infantile convulsion, commonly known as convulsion, mostly occurs at the age of 1-3 years. Although the onset time is short, once it occurs frequently, it is easy to induce serious complications, which will have a negative impact on children’s physical and brain development. So, what are the symptoms of infantile convulsion? How does infantile convulsion do? How should I care? In addition, how to prevent infantile convulsion?
Convulsion sounds a little strange to most people, but when it comes to convulsion, most people know it. This is a common disease in babies. It usually occurs at the age of 1-3, and the incidence of preterm infants is relatively higher. This disease is very common in young children. 5-6 of 100 children suffer from the disease, and the disease occurs suddenly and changes. Although the duration of the disease is short, once it occurs frequently, it will induce serious complications and directly affect the development of children’s body and brain.
Symptoms of convulsion in children
Once the wind is drawn, the child will look purple, unconscious and have trouble breathing. After a few seconds or minutes, the baby can naturally recover and stop, return to normal again and gradually enter the state of sleep. Some children’s eyes and mouth may continue to shake, and even have a brief respiratory arrest.
When the baby has an attack, the head is first measured to the left or right, the neck is back, the eyes are straight, or in a strabismus state, the eyes turn up, and white foam is constantly spitting out of the mouth. Legs and feet are stiff or twitch constantly, hands clench fists, sometimes accompanied by unconscious excretion of urine and urine.
Some children’s twitch is small-scale, but this subtle twitch often occurs. It usually happens again after a while. Parents should be reminded that some children will have a small range of hand and foot twitch after going to bed. This phenomenon often occurs in deep sleep or when they are about to wake up. This is a normal phenomenon of the body and there is no need to be too nervous.
Some children twitch for more than half an hour, or twitch twice in a row, which is difficult to recover consciousness. This kind of twitch is more serious. This is a state of continuous convulsion, which needs to be vigilant and sent to the hospital immediately if necessary.
What causes infantile convulsions
The main causes of this disease are infectious and non infectious, such as brain infection, nerve infection, body poisoning, low blood glucose, lack of magnesium and calcium in the body, etc. the causes of this disease are different in different periods.
The main causes of the disease in newborns are: injury in production, irregular body metabolism, brain hemorrhage, abnormal brain development, asphyxia, meningitis and so on.
The main causes of the disease in infants and young children are: poisoning of the body or brain after taking drugs, infection of the brain, fever, brain damage, sequelae, low blood glucose, etc.
The causes of the disease in children are mostly physical or brain poisoning, brain infection, brain discomfort caused by high blood pressure, intracranial lesions and so on.
How does infantile convulsion do
Once the child has a ventilation reaction, necessary countermeasures shall be taken to rescue the emergency. The specific steps are as follows:
1,Cold compress towel
If the child is constantly twitching and his body is constantly heating, it is recommended to take a clean towel, dip it in cold water, apply it on the child’s head, and constantly replace it and keep cold compress. You can also gently wipe the baby’s whole body with a towel. If it is summer, you can mix alcohol and water and prepare it according to the ratio of 2:1 to wipe the baby’s limbs.
When the child is twitching, he is likely to bite his tongue or retract his tongue. Therefore, immediately take a clean handkerchief, wrap the top of the chopsticks, press the baby’s tongue and put it in the upper and lower teeth, so that the child can breathe normally.
If the situation becomes more and more serious, you can use the method of pinching people or Yintang to stop the twitch.
4,Do not feed
Some mothers can’t help but get flustered when they see their children have a draft, constantly shake their baby, and worry about feeding water and medicine. This practice is easy to make sputum enter the trachea difficult to breathe, and it is more likely to cause pneumonia.
When the child’s body twitches greatly, put the child flat on the bed immediately, untie his clothes, and lean his head to the left or right, so that he can breathe freely.
6,See a doctor immediately
If the above five methods fail to alleviate the effect, it is recommended to send the baby to the hospital for treatment immediately. Of course, even if it is relieved, we should observe more and be careful. It is best to take the child to the hospital for examination to avoid other diseases.
Nursing care of children with convulsion
After the baby has a draft, parents need to calm down and follow the following steps:
(1) Hold the child on the bed or sofa and tilt his head to one side with his hand so that the liquid in his mouth can flow out normally to prevent backflow.
(2) Take off the child’s clothes. If it is in winter, untie the collar. Don’t let the collar jam the child and affect his breathing.
(3) If the child was eating the previous second, take the food out of his mouth.
(4) Pacify the baby. If the child closes his mouth tightly, don’t try to open it, otherwise it will hurt his mouth.
(5) Among those who press the child, if the child’s body is constantly heating, take the tips above to help him cool down.
The reason why most babies suffer from this disease is usually due to their body fever. Therefore, the family should store antipyretic drugs suitable for children and feed them, but the premise of using this method is that home care is ineffective. Of course, the two can also be carried out together. After taking drugs, you have to often feed water to your baby to help him sweat. The dosage of drugs should be strictly in accordance with the requirements of doctors. Do not feed blindly, otherwise it will cause many injuries.
If the child is sent to the hospital for treatment, the doctor will first investigate the cause of the child’s convulsion, determine the specific cause (such as poisoning or calcium deficiency), and then use relevant drugs to deal with it effectively.
How to prevent infantile convulsion
If the child has diseases such as fever and influenza, physical methods can be used for natural relief first. If it is ineffective or more serious, appropriate medication or seek medical treatment immediately. Before feeding the child with drugs, be sure to consult the doctor. Do not use drugs blindly, otherwise he will be poisoned by drugs.
2,Careful care and care
Parents should carefully take care of and take care of children to prevent children from falling and head injury. When educating children, do not slap children on the head at will.
Once the children have convulsive reaction, they should be calm and calm, let the child sleep to the left or right, untie the child’s clothes, press the tongue with chopsticks to prevent the tongue from being bitten by the baby, and don’t yell and scream to prevent the child from being stimulated again.
If it is caused by fever, you can gently rub the child’s body with about 45% alcohol or cold water, and cooperate with the drugs given by the doctor to relieve it. If there is no improvement, take the child to a doctor immediately.
In the newborn stage, the mother should ensure the high quality of milk, maintain a comprehensive nutritional balance, make the milk more superior, let the child absorb more and grow well. For infants and children, we should pay attention to the matching of complementary foods and add more foods such as VB and calcium tablets. We must not let children starve and ensure the stability of blood glucose and calcium in the body.
Often open windows to the room to breathe and welcome the fresh air, and often go out with children for exercise to adapt to all kinds of environments, provide a defense line for the body and effectively resist the invasion of all kinds of germs.