1,Gastrointestinal symptoms: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea are the main symptoms of the disease.
2,Systemic symptoms: generally, the systemic symptoms are mild. Severe patients have symptoms such as fever, water loss, acidosis and shock. Occasionally, they can show acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
3,Signs: there may be no signs in early or mild cases. During physical examination, there are mild tenderness and bowel sounds around the upper abdomen or umbilical cord, which are often obviously hyperactive.
4,Routine stool examination and fecal culture.
5,White blood cell count can be normal or abnormal.
Common inspection items
Fiber gastroscopy, gastric juice microscopy, blood routine, fecal leukocytes, potassium. K
1,Signs: there may be no signs in early or mild cases. During physical examination, there are mild tenderness and bowel sounds around the upper abdomen or umbilical cord, which are often obviously hyperactive.
2,Routine stool examination and fecal culture.
3,White blood cell count can be normal or abnormal.
4,Gastric juice analysis shows that the gastric acid of patients with chronic superficial gastritis is often normal or slightly low, while the gastric acid of patients with chronic atrophic gastritis is significantly reduced, and may be accompanied by anemia (hemoglobin is lower than normal).
5,Gastroscopy and gastric biopsy can confirm whether it is superficial or atrophic gastritis; Gastroscopy can also take gastric biopsy for a test to see if there is Helicobacter pylori infection.
Dehydration caused by diarrhea and vomiting is a serious complication of gastroenteritis. Young infants are very likely to have dehydration. If the child is less than 2 months old and you suspect that he may have gastroenteritis or the child has dehydration symptoms, you should take the child to the hospital immediately.
The course of chronic gastroenteritis is long and the disease is slow. The main symptoms are the same as acute, which can cause cachexia.
Other complicated diseases such as electrolyte imbalance, intestinal perforation, sepsis and so on.
Dietary health care
1,The early stage of enteritis is the stage of acute intestinal congestion, edema, inflammation and exudation. At this time, the intestinal peristalsis is active or in a spasmodic state, and its digestion and absorption function is relatively weak. Therefore, within 8 ~ 12 hours after the onset of the disease, patients can eat liquid foods, such as rice porridge, lotus root powder, egg batter, fine vermicelli, stewed thin noodles, etc. If diarrhea is serious or sweating more, the patient should also be given more soup, such as rice juice, vegetable soup, fruit juice, light salt boiled water, etc., to supplement the lack of water, vitamins and electrolytes in the body.
2,During the improvement period of enteritis, patients can eat liquid or semi liquid foods that are easy to digest and rich in nutrients, such as rice porridge, noodles, steamed egg soup, salty biscuits, etc. It is advisable to eat less and more meals, 4 ~ 5 times a day. It should be noted that it is not suitable to drink milk and eat a lot of sugar at this time, because these foods are easy to ferment and produce a lot of gas after entering the intestine, causing abdominal distention and abdominal pain, increasing the pain of patients. In addition, milk contains more fat. Fat can lubricate the intestines and enhance intestinal peristalsis, which can increase the burden on the intestines and is unfavorable to the disease.
3,During the recovery period of enteritis, due to the changes of gastrointestinal tract, especially intestinal pathophysiology, at this time, the intestine is very sensitive to food. Therefore, special attention should be paid to diet control. It is appropriate to eat light, soft, rotten and warm food, and avoid eating fat, fried, cold and hard food and multi fiber food too early, such as celery, leek, garlic moss, etc. About 2 ~ 3 days after the recovery period, you can eat according to the normal diet.