Gastroenteritis diet, dietary principles of gastroenteritis nursing

alopah Date:2021-09-13 15:03:12
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In modern times, our life and work are quite busy. Many people are forced by work and life and have little time to eat. Some people even eat once a day, which can easily lead to gastroenteritis. How can we deal with gastroenteritis? The following will introduce the methods of gastroenteritis diet regulation and other related introductions.


Gastroenteritis diet

1,Early enteritis

It is the stage of acute intestinal congestion, edema, inflammation and exudation. At this time, the intestinal peristalsis is active or in a spasm state, and its digestion and absorption function is relatively weak. Therefore, within 8 ~ 12 hours after the onset of the disease, patients can eat liquid foods, such as rice porridge, lotus root powder, egg batter, fine vermicelli, stewed thin noodles, etc. If diarrhea is serious or sweating more, the patient should also be given more soup, such as rice juice, vegetable soup, fruit juice, light salt boiled water, etc., to supplement the lack of water, vitamins and electrolytes in the body.


2,Enteritis improvement stage

Patients can eat easily digestible and nutritious liquid or semi liquid foods, such as rice porridge, noodles, steamed egg soup, salty biscuits, etc. It is advisable to eat less and more meals, 4 ~ 5 times a day. It should be noted that it is not suitable to drink milk and eat a lot of sugar at this time, because these foods are easy to ferment and produce a lot of gas after entering the intestine, causing abdominal distention and abdominal pain, increasing the pain of patients. In addition, milk contains more fat. Fat can lubricate the intestines and enhance intestinal peristalsis, which can increase the burden on the intestines and is unfavorable to the disease.


3,Recovery period of enteritis

Due to the pathophysiological changes of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the intestinal tract, the intestinal tract is very sensitive to food at this time. Therefore, special attention should be paid to diet control. It is advisable to eat some light, soft, rotten and warm food, and avoid eating fat meat, fried, cold and hard food and multi-dimensional food too early, such as celery, leek, garlic moss, etc. About 2 ~ 3 days after the recovery period, you can eat according to the normal diet.


Gastroenteritis diet


Dietary principles

1,Liquid diet

Porridge or porridge should drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration caused by diarrhea. Excessive frequent vomiting and defecation will reduce the water and electrolyte in body tissues. Therefore, increasing fluid intake is necessary to make up for the loss. Liquid contains a lot of sugar and electrolytes (potassium, sodium) and can also help reduce diarrhea.


2,Diet restriction

In the early stage of the disease or when the condition is not serious, patients can also effectively control gastroenteritis only by simplifying diet. At this time, the absorption and peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract are in an abnormal state. Excessive intake of food will increase the burden of digestive organs and increase the disease.


3,Avoid dairy products such as ice cream

Dairy products can exacerbate diarrhea. Caffeinated drinks should also be avoided to avoid aggravating irritation.


4,Avoid greasy diet

Avoid greasy and citrus foods as they may aggravate the condition. After vomiting, do not drink water or drink immediately. Wait for at least half an hour before taking a small amount of liquid frequently.

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