With the development of society, the dietary structure of people in modern society has changed, and the life and work pressure has changed, the incidence of hypertension has increased year by year, and the trend of younger age appears, so it is very necessary to understand the knowledge related to the prevention of hypertension.
How high is high blood pressure?
New guidelines released in the United States in 2017 state that hypertension can be diagnosed if the systolic blood pressure is above 130mmHg, or the diastolic blood pressure is above 80mmHg.
The correct way to measure blood pressure
The diagnosis of hypertension mainly depends on the measurement of blood pressure, and correct measurement is very important. Blood pressure should be measured on both sides of the upper arm. Before measurement, bladder should be emptied and urine should not be held back. Strenuous exercise should not be done. The best time to measure blood pressure is on an empty stomach in the morning. Another time to measure blood pressure is from afternoon to evening. When measuring, use a sitting position, with the upper arm exposed or wearing thin single-layer clothing, do not roll up the sleeves, and the upper arm at the same level as the heart. The cuff is tied tightly in the upper arm, the lower edge should be 2 ~ 3 centimeters on the elbow bend, about the width of a finger. Blood pressure can be measured 2 to 3 times every 1 minute, and the average of systolic and diastolic blood pressure can be recorded as the blood pressure measured this time.
Hypertension must take blood pressure drugs?
Good blood pressure control can reduce the risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. But these diseases are not just a consequence of high blood pressure, but are caused by a combination of multiple risk factors. Including diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, hyperuricemia and so on. Improved life behaviors are essential to blood pressure control. Lose and control your weight. Reduce sodium intake. Add calcium and potassium. Cut down on fat. Increase exercise. Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption. Reduce mental pressure and maintain psychological balance. These good behaviors can help control blood pressure, even without taking medication.
Blood pressure medications should be used as directed by your doctor
Many hypertensive patients will find that they are taking more than two kinds of blood pressure drugs orally at the same time. Why should they? Commonly used antihypertensive drugs are mainly divided into 6 categories. The antihypertensive effect is related to age, eating habits, etiology, and co-morbidities. The antihypertensive effect of the same antihypertensive drug is limited. Blindly increasing the dose may aggravate the side effects, so it is necessary to combine the drug. It is not recommended for hypertensive patients to adjust the drug type by themselves. If you feel that your blood pressure is not well controlled or there are side effects after taking the drug, it is recommended to see a doctor as soon as possible, so that the doctor can adjust the medication and dosage according to the specific situation. Some patients’ blood pressure will change with their mental state, lifestyle, eating habits, season and other factors. In winter, blood pressure will rise, and in summer, blood pressure will be low. Antihypertensive drugs can be adjusted appropriately. Regular monitoring of blood pressure levels and adjusting medications according to fluctuations in blood pressure is the appropriate treatment.