Parkinson’s disease, also known as “tremor paralysis”, is a common degenerative disease of the nervous system. The first systematic description of the disease was James Parkinson, a British doctor, hence the name of the disease. Trembling hands, stiff movements, smaller mask face and handwriting… If the old man around you shows such symptoms, he is likely to have Parkinson’s disease. About 1.7% of the elderly over 65 years old suffer from Parkinson’s disease, which has become the “third killer” threatening the physical and mental health of the elderly after cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and Alzheimer’s disease. So how to identify the early symptoms of Parkinson’s disease? How to standardize treatment? What should we pay attention to in life? Next, let’s talk about common sense about Parkinson’s disease.
What are the characteristics of people with high incidence of Parkinson’s disease?
People with high incidence of Parkinson’s disease often have the following characteristics: (1) the average age of onset is about 60 years old, and the incidence rate increases with age. ② People with high pressure and heavy mental workload belong to high-risk groups. Among the “young patients” under the age of 40, impatience and high pressure are common to many people. ③ Head injuries, including sudden accidents or frequent minor impacts. ④ People exposed to poisons, such as those who often use and contact chemicals such as pesticides and herbicides. ⑤ People with family genetic history and immediate family members suffering from the disease have an increased risk of 4% to 9%.
What are the manifestations of Parkinson’s disease?
Walking in a panic, shaking hands, even holding chopsticks unsteadily, speaking more and more vaguely, stiff expression, losing a smile, slowing down the action of daily life… “This is the readme of many patients with Parkinson’s disease. It can be seen that the typical manifestations of the disease can be summarized as” shaking, stiffness and slow “. Shaking refers to the involuntary shaking of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face; Stiffness refers to that the muscles become tight and the limbs feel stiff, heavy and inflexible when moving; Slow refers to the slow movement. In daily life, the actions such as dressing, brushing teeth and washing face become slower. Writing becomes smaller and smaller. When walking, you can’t take a step, but move forward in small steps. In addition to the above manifestations, there is another symptom that is easier to be ignored, that is, non motor symptoms, including constipation, sleep disorders, olfactory disorders, depression, etc.
What about suspected Parkinson’s disease?
When a person has limb shaking, slow movement and limb stiffness, it is necessary to consider whether he has Parkinson’s disease and go to the hospital in time. At present, the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease mainly depends on the symptoms of patients, and there is a lack of simple and reliable examination methods, so the clinical experience of doctors is particularly important. In order to make a diagnosis as soon as possible and formulate a reasonable treatment plan, it is recommended that patients go to the Parkinson’s disease clinic of the Department of Neurology for examination.
Can Parkinson’s disease be cured?
Up to now, we can not completely cure Parkinson’s disease, but this does not mean that Parkinson’s disease is a terminal disease. We can gradually overcome it through the “troika”, which are drug treatment, surgical treatment and rehabilitation treatment. Among them, drug therapy is the cornerstone. If it is ineffective, brain stereotactic surgery can be considered. Rehabilitation treatment is easy to be ignored, but it can make patients benefit the most in their daily life. It should run through and accompany their whole life.
What should Parkinson’s disease patients pay attention to in their daily life?
Patients with Parkinson’s disease should pay special attention to all aspects of “clothing, food, housing and transportation”: clothes should be loose, and try to choose clothes that are loose before opening, as well as clothes and trousers with zippers and easy to wear and take off; Eat healthily, drink more water, eat more vegetables, fruits, nuts, grains and foods rich in cellulose, and avoid drinking too much coffee and alcoholic beverages; Live safely, avoid sitting on soft sofas and deep concave chairs, raise the head of the bed, or tie a rope at the end of the bed to facilitate the patient to get up, and use the toilet to get up and sit when going to the toilet; In the early stage of the disease, we should adhere to certain physical activities and properly carry out physical exercises such as aerobics, Taijiquan and jogging.