Symptoms and causes of type 1 diabetes mellitus

alopah Date:2021-08-27 14:22:46
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The development of everything follows certain laws. We know that the best way to prevent type 1 diabetes is proper exercise. Because this is the most economical and safest way to reduce blood sugar and weight. In fact, the course of type 1 diabetes has certain rules. If we master these rules, we can better prevent and treat diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can be divided into the following four different periods:


(1) Acute metabolic disorder


From the onset of symptoms to clinical diagnosis in 3 months, there are various symptoms of diabetes at this stage, which is called acute metabolic disorder. About 20% of them are ketoacidosis, 20% ~ 40% are ketosis without acidosis, and the rest are only hyperglycemia and hyperuricemia. However, all patients with type 1 diabetes need to be treated with insulin injection.


(2) Honeymoon period


causes of type 1 diabetes mellitus


After 2 weeks to 3 months of treatment, the symptoms of 2 / 3 patients can gradually disappear, blood glucose decreases, urine sugar decreases, islet function temporarily recovers, serum insulin and blood C-peptide levels rise, insulin demand decreases, and a few can even enter the remission period without insulin, also known as “honeymoon period” or “honeymoon remission period”. Male diabetes symptoms were more common than females. The remission period of girls under 3 years old and adolescence was not obvious, and the remission time ranged from several weeks to one year, with a great difference, with an average of 3 ~ 6 months.


(3) diabetes intensive period


The disease is often aggravated by infection, improper diet and adolescent development, which is manifested by a sudden or gradual increase in the amount of insulin, and a decrease in the levels of blood insulin and C-peptide again. At this time, the islet is failing, and the B cells of islet are depleted and sometimes accompanied by fibrosis. This period is called “Diabetes Intensive period”.


(4) permanent diabetes mellitus


Most of islet B cells are destroyed and need to rely entirely on exogenous insulin to maintain life. The dosage of insulin gradually increased to a stable level and gradually entered the “permanent type diabetes phase”. The time was more than 5 years after onset. In adolescence, due to the action of sex hormones, it antagonizes insulin, the condition is easy to fluctuate, and the amount of insulin increases again. After puberty, the condition is gradually stable, but in case of infection and stress, the condition will worsen.

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