Kidney disease is not imperceptible or asymptomatic before it develops to uremia, but these symptoms are easy to be ignored, which will slowly reduce renal function. Let’s take a look at the development history of kidney disease from the early stage to the late stage to see if you have it? 5 stages of kidney disease development:
Phase 1 – renal inflammatory response phase
The main symptoms of nephritis reaction period are fatigue, fatigue, waist pain and edema, mainly facial and lower limb edema.
In the urine, the amount of foam increased and urine volume was abnormal. The number of micturition increased and urine volume increased mainly at night. At the same time, the blood pressure increased slightly. The main symptoms were headache, dizziness, poor sleep and anemia.
Normal or mild impairment of renal function can last for several years or even decades. Nephritis occurs at any age, that is, it may occur no matter what age. Therefore, in order to avoid it, we should have regular physical examination to understand our physical condition.
Stage 2 – renal function compensation stage
The serum creatinine in the stage of renal function compensation is generally 133 ~ 177umol / L. in this stage, patients often delay treatment because they don’t feel unwell.
If the patient’s condition is light, the glomerular lesion is light, the urinary protein is less, the patient is treated in time, the complications are well controlled, and the patient’s life expectancy is prolonged for 20 years; However, if patients have a large amount of proteinuria and severe systemic lesions, they may develop end-stage renal disease in the short term, which requires alternative treatment, and will also reduce the life span of patients.
Stage 3 – renal decompensation
The decompensated stage of renal function generally refers to the stage where the glomerular filtration rate is 20-50ml / min and the blood creatinine is 178-442 μ Between MOI / L.
At this stage, the renal function decreases, the residual renal function can not be compensated, and a lot of toxins will accumulate in the body; Moreover, the treatment at this stage is difficult to control, let alone reverse, and can only slow down the deterioration of renal function as much as possible.
Stage 4 – renal failure
Serum creatinine exceeds 443 in the stage of renal failure μ Moi / L indicates that it has entered the stage of renal failure, that is, the so-called renal failure.
Renal failure can be divided into early stage and late stage. The symptoms of early stage and late stage are different; The early stage of renal failure is also the compensatory period. Many patients do not have symptoms. Some patients may have hematuria, proteinuria, edema, hypertension symptoms, hematuria is mainly urine color redness, and proteinuria is mainly caused by a lot of urine foam.
After renal failure enters the advanced stage, that is, the uremic stage, there are more symptoms, including nausea and vomiting, chest tightness, suffocation, increased nocturia, pale complexion, oliguria, no urine and so on.
Stage 5 – uremic stage
Uremia refers to long-term chronic kidney damage caused by various causes, resulting in more than 90% loss of renal function; Patients will cause many symptoms because the kidney can not effectively excrete water, metabolic waste, electrolyte, and the kidney can not effectively exercise endocrine function;
At this stage, patients will feel very strong. Dizziness, nausea, vomiting, heart failure, fatigue and other symptoms will occur frequently. They need long-term treatment to prolong the life of patients.