Ate too much high sodium salt, high fat, high in fat and high protein foods, people are prone to a disease called high blood pressure, often accompanied by heart palpitations, dizziness, headache, chest tightness, the symptom such as anaemic, attack up to let a person tired, as a kind of modern common diseases, high blood pressure are often don’t pay attention to when they had, so high blood pressure is not only an important treatment, Prevention is also a priority.
1.What is hypertension?
Hypertension is defined as a syndrome of elevated systolic or diastolic blood pressure in the arteries of the whole body, or of impaired function in other organs. Early hypertension has no obvious symptoms, later hypertension patients will gradually feel chest tightness, headache, fatigue and even the most severe vomiting, dizziness and convulsions and other symptoms. The most important cause of cardiovascular disease is hypertension, which is difficult to cure once developed. Hypertension is a lifelong chronic disease.
2.Causes of high blood pressure
High blood pressure generally has congenital genetic factors but also acquired by not paying attention to lifestyle and other conditions caused by high blood pressure.
Hypertension is now thought to be polygenic, and more than half of patients have a family history of hypertension.
Long-term mental in extreme tension, excitement or anxiety and other emotions, will also make people’s blood pressure rise, resulting in high blood pressure.
It has been shown that high blood pressure will increase with age, especially after the age of 40, people’s resistance and immunity will decrease, while high blood pressure will increase.
Environmental reasons are more extensive, such as long-term in the noisy environment, people will be irritable and prone to hypertension or long time in the sun exposure and other adverse visual stimulation environment, may also induce hypertension, so abnormal environment is also an important cause of hypertension.
5，Bad living habits
High salt, high fat, high protein modern life has become the main material of People’s Daily intake, as these can cause high blood pressure, smoking, drinking too much and modern pressure big, heavy daily work, often work overtime to make people too tired, can not get sufficient rest also don’t often exercise can cause high blood pressure. And bad living habits have become the most important factor of hypertension is also the most direct cause of modern hypertension.
6，Drugs or other disease factors
Being overweight or suffering from conditions such as diabetes or sleep apnea, or taking medications such as birth control pills or hormones, can raise blood pressure and cause hypertension.
3.Symptoms of hypertension
Generally can be divided into primary hypertension and secondary hypertension, both signs and symptoms, high blood pressure early in dizziness, headache, fatigue, palpitations, etc is not very obvious symptoms, but as the illness is aggravating, blood pressure will significantly increase with limb numbness, memory loss, chest tightness, fatigue symptoms, such as After fatigue and tension, high blood pressure may be further aggravated, and blood pressure will rise suddenly and appear more severe symptoms, such as severe headache, vomiting, vertigo and even confusion, convulsions and other serious diseases, which will cause serious damage and pathological changes to the heart, brain and other organs in the short term.
4.Treatment of hypertension
The purpose of hypertension treatment is first of all to reach the standard of blood pressure, blood pressure is the key to treatment, treatment of different patients should establish different standards of blood pressure, such as patients with diabetes or kidney disease, blood pressure standards should be about half of normal people.
1，Monitor blood pressure
Blood pressure monitoring, always pay attention to the change of blood pressure, morning and evening each measurement, is conducive to the treatment of hypertension.
The onset of hypertension is long, patients often have psychological symptoms such as irritability, anxiety, which is not conducive to the improvement of the condition, we should understand the cause of hypertension, diagnostic criteria, clinical manifestations, prevention and treatment of common complications and other disease knowledge, have a correct understanding of the disease, to maintain a peaceful and stable state of mind.
3，Change your lifestyle
Change bad habits and control weight; Reduce the intake of high sodium salt, high protein, high cholesterol and other substances; Get more exercise; Quit smoking and drinking.
4，Take blood pressure medications
Due to individual circumstances, antihypertensive drugs generally choose single or combined treatment according to clinical manifestations such as: diuretic, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, etc., can have control of blood pressure, of course, must choose long antihypertensive drugs can control the time, to improve treatment compliance of patients.
Although hypertension is a lifelong disease, it is also a controllable disease. As long as the correct treatment and prevention are done, the harm caused by hypertension can be greatly reduced to the minimum. The most fundamental way to prevent hypertension is to start with good living habits and control the weight. Reduce the intake of high sodium salt, high protein, high cholesterol and other substances; Exercise regularly; Drink less and smoke less; Keep a good mood, these can effectively prevent the occurrence of hypertension.