With the improvement of living standard and the change of lifestyle, the incidence of hypertension is increasing year by year. Hypertension has a great impact on people’s lives and is also the most important risk factor for myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and renal failure. It is estimated that 2 million people die every year from diseases related to hypertension. And more than 60 percent of coronary heart disease, more than 80 percent of cerebral infarction patients, 90 percent of cerebral hemorrhage patients have a history of hypertension. It can be said that high blood pressure is the most important “killer” of human health.
The appearance of high blood pressure, most of them and our daily unhealthy eating habits have a great relationship, how to control? How can ability avoid the harm that hypertension brings? What tricks does daily management blood pressure have? Why don’t you keep this blood pressure relief kit.
Healthy life + reasonable diet
Healthy lifestyle is the basis of treating hypertension and should be adhered to for a long time. A healthy lifestyle includes proper diet, smoking and drinking, proper exercise and psychological balance. A healthy lifestyle also includes weight control, preventing overweight, and scientific weight loss for those who are already overweight.
Smooth depressurization rejects roller coasters
Depressurization too fast too fierce likelihood gives big event! Hypotension is too fierce, the body can not adapt, will cause the heart, brain, kidney and other important organs of insufficient blood supply, slow blood flow, cause stroke, angina or kidney function decline. Old people with high blood pressure for years are prone to cerebral infarction if they fall too quickly, resulting in serious consequences. Continuous and stable step-down is the correct step-down method. In general hypertensive patients, it is safe to use 4 to 12 weeks for blood pressure to reach the standard. In elderly patients, patients with severe coronary or bilateral carotid artery stenosis and poor tolerance, the time for blood pressure to reach the standard should be appropriately extended. At the same time, lower blood pressure is not always better. Because low blood pressure can lead to insufficient blood flow to the brain, increasing the risk of cerebral ischemia.
Be sure to monitor your morning blood pressure
The human body has a circadian rhythm for blood pressure, with the peak time of day in the early morning. Many patients with hypertension do not meet the standard of blood pressure in the morning. A hospital’s cardiology department has investigated more than 2000 patients with hypertension. When the blood pressure was measured between 7:00 and 10:00 in the morning, the rate of blood pressure not reaching the standard in the morning was as high as 54.6%, which means that 5 out of 10 patients with hypertension did not meet the standard of blood pressure in the morning. In fact, managing your blood pressure in the morning largely means controlling your blood pressure 24 hours a day. And if the morning blood pressure is not controlled, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are most likely to “sneak attack” at this time. The risk of ischemic stroke was four times higher in the morning, and the risk of cardiovascular death was 70 percent higher.
Stick to your long-acting blood pressure medications
Patients with hypertension need to take antihypertensive drugs for a long time or even for life. Persisting in taking drugs can improve the quality of life and prolong life of patients with hypertension. It is recommended to choose long-acting antihypertensive drugs, which is characterized by a half-life of more than 24 hours, and only need to take it once a day, and the antihypertensive effect can cover 24 hours; Because of its lasting and stable effect, it can effectively control blood pressure 24 hours a day and morning blood pressure, reduce The Times of taking medicine, improve treatment compliance, and more effectively prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Keep your blood pressure healthy. Don’t let mistakes ruin your health
Myth 1: a low-salt diet means less salt in fried dishes
Cooking with less salt is just one aspect of a low-salt diet. Besides this, we should also pay attention to other aspects. For example: pay attention to other high-salt condiments, such as soy sauce, oyster sauce, etc.; Eat less preserved food, such as pickled mustard and pickles; Cut back on packaged foods that are high in salt, such as deli or luncheon meat, sausages and canned goods. Pay attention to the way of cooking, use the salt control spoon and the pot before putting salt; Pay attention to nutrition labels and know how much salt is in food.
Myth 2: High blood pressure is symptomatic
Early hypertension, many people do not have obvious symptoms. High blood pressure is known as the “silent killer” because it can gradually destroy the body’s arteries, heart and other organs without any symptoms. Once symptoms appear, they can be life-threatening emergencies such as heart attack or stroke.
Myth 3: If your blood pressure is normal, stop taking your medicine
Hypertension is a lifelong disease that requires long-term standardized data and follow-up management. Once discontinued, blood pressure is likely to rebound, and some medications can cause severe withdrawal. Therefore, even if the blood pressure has remained stable for a long time, you should not stop taking the medicine by yourself casually, and you must follow the doctor’s instructions to take the medicine correctly.
For the sake of your quality of life and health, know your blood pressure!