What Is Diabetic Neuropathy?

alopah Date:2021-09-18 15:20:37 From:webmd
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What Is Diabetic Neuropathy?Diabetes can harm your nerves. That damage, called neuropathy, may be painful.It can happen in several ways, and they all seem to be related to blood sugar levels being too high for too long. To prevent it, work with your doctor to manage your blood sugar.


You may hear your doctor mention the four types of diabetes-related neuropathy: peripheral, autonomic, proximal, and focal.


Peripheral Neuropathy

This type usually affects the feet and legs. Rare cases affect the arms, abdomen, and back.


Symptoms include:


Numbness (which may become permanent)

Burning (especially in the evening)



Early symptoms usually get better when your blood sugar is under control. There are medications to help manage the discomfort.


What you should do:

Check your feet and legs daily.

Use lotion on your feet if they’re dry.

Take care of your toenails. Ask your doctor if you should go to a podiatrist.

Wear shoes that fit well. Wear them all the time, so your feet don’t get injured.


Autonomic Neuropathy

This type usually affects the digestive system, especially the stomach. It can also affect the blood vessels, urinary system, and sex organs.


In your digestive system:

Symptoms include:







Feeling full after small meals


What you should do: You may need to eat smaller meals and take medication to treat it.


What Is Diabetic Neuropathy


In blood vessels:

Symptoms include:

Blacking out when you stand up quickly

Faster heartbeat


Low blood pressure



Feeling full sooner than normal


If you have it: Avoid standing up too quickly. You may also need to wear special stockings (ask your doctor about them) and take medicine.


In Men:

Symptoms include: They may not be able to have or keep an erection, or they may have “dry” or reduced ejaculations.


What you should do: See your doctor, because there are other possible causes than diabetes. Treatment includes:


Penile implant or injections

Vacuum erection device



In Women:

Symptoms include: Can include less vaginal lubrication and fewer or no orgasms.

What you should do: See your doctor. Treatments include:

Vaginal estrogen creams, suppositories, and rings

Medications to help sex not feel painful



In the Urinary System:

Symptoms include:

Trouble emptying your bladder


Incontinence (leaking urine)

More bathroom trips at night


What you should do: Tell your doctor. Treatments may include:


Inserting a catheter into the bladder to release urine (self-catheterization)



Proximal Neuropathy

This type causes pain (usually on one side) in the thighs, hips, or buttocks. It can also lead to weakness in the legs.Most people with this condition need treatment, such as medication and physical therapy, for their weakness or pain.


Focal Neuropathy

This type can appear suddenly and affect specific nerves, most often in the head, torso, or leg. It causes muscle weakness or pain.


Symptoms include:

Double vision

Eye pain

Paralysis on one side of the face (Bell’s palsy)

Severe pain in a certain area, such as the lower back or leg(s)

Chest or belly pain that is sometimes mistaken for another condition, such as heart attack or appendicitis


What you should do: Tell your doctor about your symptoms. Focal neuropathy is painful and unpredictable. But it tends to improve by itself over weeks or months. It usually doesn’t cause long-term damage.

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