Some people think that people with psychological problems are abnormal people and only abnormal people need counseling. In fact, every normal person has psychological problems.
Normal people have all kinds of psychological problems, and when they encounter external stimuli, they will have negative mental states such as tension, irritability, despair, frustration, sadness, anxiety and depression.
For Westerners, consulting a psychologist or counselor is a common occurrence. In the eyes of Americans, counseling is a way to care for oneself, and receiving counseling is a symbol of confidence and wealth (which we can often sense from various movies and American dramas).
In the United States, almost every middle-class person has his or her own counselor. Some people describe it this way: the arms of successful Americans are supported by two people, one is a legal advisor and one is a psychological advisor.
Non-middle class people cannot have a personal counselor for a long time, but it is also common to go to counseling when psychological problems arise.
A normal person who cares for his or her mental health will use effective methods to solve his or her psychological problems in a timely manner, so that he or she can live an easy and happy life.
However, for many patients, there are many people who are prejudiced against mental illness and do not want to admit that they are mentally disturbed.
Therefore, many patients prefer to suffer from psychosomatic pain and suffering, so that they can not sleep at night, and even affect their normal work life, but do not want to go to the hospital.
This “stigma” of mental illness is actually caused by our lack of knowledge of psychiatric problems.
Psychological problems and disorders can go to a psychiatrist or counselor, while mental illnesses require a psychiatric visit to a hospital.
We can distinguish from the following four points.
①Whether “there is a reason for the problem”. Psychological problems are mostly triggered by life or work difficulties or conflicts, where aspirations or goals are not met, leading to internal conflicts, and changes in mood and behavior are directly causally related to the stimulus;
In contrast, mental illnesses often appear “for no reason”, most do not have a clear trigger, or the triggering factors do not match the severity of emotional and behavioral changes, and the symptoms cannot be explained by real difficulties, making it impossible to understand.
②Whether the duration is different. Mood and behavioral changes caused by psychological problems usually do not last long and can usually be relieved by people’s self-adjustment, and when the reality of the difficulty passes, the symptoms will subside and rarely recur;
The symptoms of mental illness will last longer, and the symptoms will be repeated and difficult to relieve on their own, and need professional treatment, otherwise they will be prolonged and difficult to cure.
③Whether the emotional reaction is under the control of reason. Mental problems cause bad emotions that are limited to the initial event that triggered the emotion or behavior, and people can always keep their behavior intact;
In contrast, emotional reactions to mental illnesses can cause people to lose their sanity and are often controlled by their emotions, and in some cases, bizarre speech, thoughts and behaviors can occur.
④Whether it seriously disrupts social functioning. Psychological problems generally do not damage people’s daily work, study, life, can be competent in their own role, treating people without or will not be affected for a long time;
While mental disorders themselves social function is incomplete, can not be competent to work, study, daily life is affected, and even affect the normal life of others.
Psychological problems can also be divided into general psychological problems and severe psychological problems according to their degree. The reality of general psychological problems is not strongly stimulated, the emotional impact on people is relatively small, the duration will be short, usually no more than 1 month, and the emotional response can be maintained normal without involving stimulating events.
Severe psychological problems are stimulated by relatively strong realistic factors, and the emotional reactions will be more intense at the beginning, and the duration will be intermittent or last for 2 months in some cases, and some people will lose their rational control for a short time, but they will regain their sanity soon and have little impact on their daily life and work.
It should be emphasized here that mental disorders belong to the category of diseases, and each mental illness has strict diagnostic criteria. It is necessary to go to a professional institution for diagnosis and treatment by a doctor in a timely manner, and it is important not to avoid treatment.
Identifying the early signs of mental illness
People who suffer from mental problems are generally aware of them themselves and may actively seek help from family, friends or psychologists.
However, people with mental illness often lack self-awareness and are reluctant to admit they are ill, much less actively seek help and treatment.
There are early “signs” of mental illness, and there are a number of symptoms that can distinguish early mental illness.
Insomnia or poor sleep, often with difficulty falling asleep, easy to wake up, dreamy nightmares, early awakening problems;
Emotional indifference, disinterest in surrounding things, erratic temper;
Sudden change in personality, a person who was originally lively and cheerful suddenly does not want to contact people;
Occasionally, the person may become sensitive and sometimes may even experience hallucinations and hallucinations.
When early symptoms appear, psychological intervention and professional treatment must be carried out in a timely manner in order to effectively control the disease and prevent it from developing in a serious direction.
After the discovery of psychiatric disorders, it is important to find a professional hospital for treatment in time so as not to miss the best time to see the doctor.