With the change of people’s lifestyle, people like to travel to the wilderness camping, sometimes it will produce danger, learn some common wilderness first aid skills, help us to protect ourselves in times of danger. There are many dangers faced in the wilderness, and there are sixteen common first-aid illnesses.
Bleeding from a fall
After bleeding from a fall, you should immediately use a triangular towel, or a towel, or a sleeve to wrap and tighten the more muscular part above the wound, so that you can’t feel the distal artery pulsation and the wound no longer bleeds. Mark the tourniquet time in an obvious place, and change to acupressure for hemostasis every hour beyond two hours.
In case of headache, the type of headache should be determined immediately according to the headache symptoms. For general headache, analgesics such as phenobarbital and fenpropathrin can be taken orally, and for extracranial pain, proper care should be given after wound cleaning.
If the headache is accompanied by nausea, dizziness and mental confusion, immediately loosen the collar and take a flat position in a ventilated place, or tilt the head slightly downward. At the same time, use thumb pressure, chest compressions or artificial respiration to promote the recovery of consciousness of the fainting person.
It is often accompanied by obvious abdominal discomfort, dizziness and nausea, etc. The cause should be determined at first, and the patient should be prohibited from eating or drinking and properly hydrated.
Often accompanied by fever, heavy water loss symptoms, in the case of temporary fasting, supplementation of boiled water or soup, you can take dysentery, Huang Lian Su, to achieve the purpose of anti-diarrhea.
Electric shock injury (electrocution)
The power supply should be cut off immediately, and insulated objects should be used to cut off and pick open the charged objects on the electrocuted person, followed by calling 120 emergency immediately.
First aid should be measured, and if the leg cramps during the process of first aid in the water, you should remain calm and try to stretch the thumb of the foot upward. After rescuing the drowning person, remove the foreign body inside the mouth and nose, prompt him to lie prone on his lap and export the water accumulated in the respiratory tract and stomach. If the drowning person’s heartbeat and breathing stops, it is necessary to do CPR and artificial respiration to restore the heartbeat at the first time while waiting for 120 emergency.
The person suffering from heatstroke should be moved to a ventilated and cool location, and his collar should be untied, and his forehead and body should be wiped with a cold water towel. Increase the intake of sugar and salt water.
The person with the fire should be quickly put down and prompted to roll on the spot to extinguish the source of the fire. For burns, cold water should be used to flush the area for a long time and remove the hand location clothing (cut with scissors), watch, and ring. Also use clean towels and disinfecting auxiliaries to cover the scalded location. If blisters appear, avoid puncturing them and take them to a doctor as soon as possible.
In case of ankle or lumbar sprain, rest, put the calf on a high pad, lie flat on a hard bed and tie a wide belt, and use tea and wine to dress the wounded area; in case of finger sprain, stop movement immediately and apply cold water. Subsequently, use adhesive tape to fix the finger in a straight position.
In case of minor cuts, a Band-Aid can be applied after simple cleaning and disinfection; in case of massive bleeding, cold compresses with ice wrapped in gauze should be applied to the wound with the affected limb elevated (above heart height). Also use a clean handkerchief or finger to compress the wound or the blood vessels on the side of the wound near the heart.
Bee or scorpion stings
The stinger should be pulled out, avoid squeezing, and rinse using soapy water and soda. At the same time, crush JD Snake tablets and mix them into a thin mud and apply it externally on the sting site.
During treatment, cloth should be used to bind the proximal end of the wound at a position of about 4 cm and untie it every 20 min to avoid ischemic necrosis of the limb. At the same time, use a lot of soapy water and water to rinse the wound, and make a “ten” shaped incision in the wound location, and use plastic bottles and suction devices to repeatedly pump, and also let the person with an unbroken mouth take drugs manually.
It is often accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting, and movement disorders, and should immediately induce vomiting to avoid blocking the airway with vomitus. At the same time, hydrate immediately on the basis of retaining vomit and excrement samples.
Small insects in the ear
The insects should be prompted to crawl out actively by shining sunlight or flashlight into the external ear canal or blowing cigarette smoke into the ear. When available, a few drops of peanut oil, sesame oil or white wine can also be applied to the patient’s external ear canal to drown the small insects and then clip them out.
If a cramp reaction occurs in the wild, stop exercising immediately, straighten the cramped muscle and massage it gently, maintaining the stretch until the muscle relaxes.