First aid for poisoning


alopah Date:2021-08-04 09:42:09 From:alopah.com
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Now is an era of constant flow of material, in life, there are often a lot of people eat the wrong food, some food collocation may cause food poisoning, food poisoning should be immediately first aid, some food poisoning is more serious, delay first aid may lead to life danger. For the life of food poisoning also has a variety of different symptoms, then, we usually careless food poisoning how to do?

 

Food poisoning first aid:

 

1, vomiting

 

If you eat the toxic food within 1-2 hours, you can use the method of vomiting to spit out the food. Emetic methods are mainly as follows:

 

a.Immediately take 20g of salt, add 200ml of boiling water, and drink it at once after cooling.

 

b.If you do not vomit after drinking salt water, you can also mash fresh ginger 100 classes and take juice with 200 ml warm water.

 

c. if you eat bad meat, you can take ten drops of water to prompt rapid vomiting.

 

d.poisoning soon, no obvious vomiting patients can also use fingers, goose feather, chopsticks and other stimulation of the tongue root, causing vomiting, can also drink a lot of warm water, repeated vomiting, reduce the absorption of toxins.

 

2, drain

 

If the patient has eaten the poisoned food for more than 2-3 hours, and the spirit is good, you can take a laxative, as soon as possible to promote the food out of the body.

 

Generally use rhubarb 30 lessons, a decoction.

 

Elderly patients with good constitution can also use 15 grams of tomato juice, once decocted, to achieve the purpose of drainage.

 

3.Add fluids

 

If it is to eat bad fish, shrimp, crab and other food poisoning, you can take vinegar 100ml, add water 200ml, diluted after a drink; In addition, you can also use 30 grams of Perilla, 10 grams of raw licorice decoction; In the case of spoilage drink or preservative, the best first aid is to pour fresh milk or other protein containing beverage.

 

poisoning

 

4.Food detoxification

 

1, the baked bun can reduce the toxicity, the baked bun has pores, to the intestinal tract, can put the excess water in the intestinal tract, bacteria, toxins, gas adsorption column, to clean the intestinal tract.

 

2, taking egg white, milk, can reduce the toxicity of gastric mucosa stimulation.

 

3, if the poison is alkaline, you can take vinegar, orange juice and other acidic solution to neutralize the poison.

 

4,If it is a metal poison or plant alkali poison, you can take strong tea to make the tannin or alkaloid in tea combine and precipitate, thus delaying and reducing the absorption of poison.

 

5, if it is acid and gas producing bacteria caused by food poisoning diarrhea, carrots can be boiled, screened, fiber, made into carrot mud to eat detoxification, because carrots are alkaline, containing pectin, can play a role in stool formation and adsorption of bacteria and toxins.

 

6, mung beans, Onions, garlic, vinegar has the effect of sterilization and detoxification, can solve bacterial food poisoning, in addition, eating raw eggplant can also detoxification.

 

5.Seek medical attention as soon as possible

 

If after the first aid, the symptoms are still not improved, or the poisoning is more serious, should be sent to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible, in the process of treatment, to give the patient with good care, try to make it quiet, avoid mental tension, pay attention to rest, prevent cold, at the same time to add enough salt boiling water.

 

6.Notes:

 

a.People with food poisoning will have vomiting and diarrhea symptoms, which are easy to cause a large loss of body fluids, and cause a variety of concurrent symptoms, which directly threaten the life of patients. They should drink plenty of water, which can promote the elimination of pathogenic bacteria and enterotoxin produced, and relieve the symptoms of poisoning.

 

b.Use cold boiling water and other clear liquids to replace electrolytes, such as potassium, sodium, and glucose, lost during vomiting or diarrhea. Do not stop diarrhea, let the body toxins discharged after the medical treatment.

 

c.Patients with severe diarrhea can be appropriately given to relieve the turbulence agent to stop diarrhea. If there is no relief sign, even dehydration is obvious, cold limbs, diarrhea and abdominal pain are aggravated, pale, blurred consciousness, raving, convulsions, or even shock, should be sent to medical treatment immediately to avoid life danger.

 

d.It should be noted that vomiting and diarrhea are the performance of the body’s defense function, which can discharge a certain amount of enterotoxin released by pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, antidiarrheal drugs should not be used immediately, especially in patients with high fever, toxemia, mucus, pus and blood stool, so as to avoid aggravating poisoning symptoms.

 

e.If the vomitus is more clear liquid after warm water vomiting, you can drink the right amount of milk to protect the gastric mucosa; If bloody fluid is found in the vomit, it indicates that there may be bleeding from the digestive tract or throat, and it is best to stop vomiting temporarily.

 

f.Identifying the toxic substance is important for treatment, so after food poisoning occurs, keep a sample of the food that caused the poisoning and test it with your doctor.

 

g.Attention should be paid to the patient when the symptoms of poisoning are severe. The patient should remain in the lateral position to prevent vomit from blocking the airway and causing suffocation; Do not drink water or eat during vomiting, but immediately after the cessation of vomiting to replenish water; If abdominal pain is severe, lie on your back and bend your knees. This will help relieve abdominal muscle tension.

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