There will always be various emergencies in life, some of which cannot be solved by ourselves, but more of which we can solve by ourselves by learning some common sense of first aid and minimize the damage in time. So, come and learn some first aid knowledge with alopah. When you encounter these situations, these first aid knowledge will certainly help you.
1,Foreign body entering the eye
Any small object or liquid, even a grain of sand or a drop of detergent, will cause eye pain and even damage the cornea.
You should do this: blink frequently and wash the foreign matter out with tears. If it doesn’t work, pinch your eyelids up and rinse your eyes under the tap. Be sure to take off your contact lenses.
Don’t do this: don’t rub your eyes. No matter how small the foreign body is, it will scratch the cornea and cause infection. If the foreign body enters the deep position of the eye, be sure to see a doctor immediately and ask a doctor for treatment.
Sprain occurs when the ligaments around the joint are stretched too much than they can bear. Sprain is usually accompanied by cyanosis and edema.
You should do this: within 24 hours of the sprain, try to cold compress with an ice bag every other hour for half an hour. Wrap the injured part with elastic compression bandage and pad up the injured part. After 24 hours, start to replace the affected area with hot compress to promote the blood circulation of the injured area.
Don’t do this: don’t move the injured joint at will, otherwise it is easy to cause ligament tear and it is relatively difficult to recover.
Real suffocation rarely occurs in real life. Choking on drinking water or choking on food is generally not suffocation. When asphyxia occurs, the patient will not have a strong cough, can not speak or suck, and his face will turn red or cyan in a short time.
You should do this: first, call an ambulance quickly. While waiting for the ambulance, the following measures need to be taken: let the patient lean forward and pat the middle of the patient’s back and shoulders with his palm. If it doesn’t work, you need to stand behind the patient, put your fist against the patient’s abdomen and back, hold the fist with your other hand, push it up and down and push it out five times to help the patient suck.
Patients can also take such self-help measures: put their abdomen against a hard object, such as the kitchen table, and then squeeze their abdomen to let the things stuck in their throat pop out.
Don’t do this: don’t feed water or other food to patients who are coughing.
Scald is divided into three levels: first level scald will cause skin redness and tingling; Obvious blisters can be seen after secondary scald; Third degree burns can cause skin to break and blacken.
You should do this: in case of scald, immediately wash the scalded part under flowing water or cold compress with a cold towel. If the scalded area is large, the injured person should soak his whole body in a bathtub filled with cold water. Gauze or bandage can be loosely wrapped around the scald to protect the wound.
Don’t do this: don’t use ice compress to treat scalds. Ice will damage the damaged skin and worsen the wound. Don’t break the blister, or you will leave a scar. Don’t apply antibiotic ointment or grease to the wound. These sticky substances are easy to get dirty.
Poisoning in the family is generally due to ingestion of cleaning and washing products, inhalation of carbon monoxide or ingestion of pesticides.
You should do this: if the patient is unconscious or has difficulty breathing, call an ambulance quickly and be ready to answer the following questions: what substance is ingested or inhaled, how much, the patient’s weight, age and poisoning time.
Don’t do this: calling an ambulance until symptoms appear often delays treatment. While waiting for help, don’t give the patient anything to eat or drink, and don’t try to help the patient induce vomiting, because some toxic substances may hurt other organs of the patient in the process of being vomited.
The skull itself is very hard, so ordinary external forces rarely cause skull damage. If the external force is too strong, the fragile blood vessels of the neck, back and head will become “victims”.
You should do this: if you have a bag on your head, applying an ice bag to the affected area can reduce edema. If the head starts bleeding after being hit, the treatment method is the same as that of being cut, that is, press the wound with a clean towel to stop bleeding, then go to the hospital to suture the wound and check whether there is internal injury.
Don’t do this: don’t let the patient sleep alone. Within 24 hours, someone must accompany the injured person. If the injured person falls asleep, wake the injured person every three hours and ask the injured person to answer a few simple questions to ensure that the injured person is not unconscious and has no intracranial injury, such as concussion.
You should do this: if the bleeding is less and the injury is not serious, apply a band aid to the wound after cleaning. If the wound is large and bleeding continues, stop the bleeding first, and then rush to the hospital immediately.
The specific hemostatic method is: wrap the wound with clean gauze, pinch both sides of the finger root and hold it high over the heart, because the blood vessels here are distributed on the left and right sides. This gesture can effectively stop the bleeding.
Don’t do this: it is not recommended to apply drugs such as red potion or hemostatic powder on the wound, as long as the wound is kept clean. Never tie a tourniquet for a long time. The tourniquet must be relaxed for a few minutes every 20-30 minutes, otherwise it is easy to cause finger ischemia and necrosis.
In case of mild poisoning, the patient feels dizziness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and pale. If the poisoning is serious, there will be difficulty in sucking, convulsion and coma.
You should do this: open the doors and windows immediately, move the patient to the air circulation place, untie the patient’s clothes to make the suction smooth, and pay attention to keep warm and prevent pneumonia from catching cold. In case of mild poisoning, you can give him hot tea for deep inhalation and send him to the hospital for rescue quickly.
9,Foreign body jamming
You should do this: abdominal compression (chest compression if the patient is pregnant or obese). If the patient is unable to stand, place the patient flat on a solid plane, sit across the patient’s legs and push the abdomen five times, and then check whether the foreign body is coughed up.
Don’t do this: if you dig a foreign object with your fingers, dig only when you can see the foreign object. Don’t dig blindly.