Parents must see! How can children prevent novel coronavirus pneumonia? New Coronavirus science knowledge:
1、 Always open windows for ventilation.
Windows shall be opened every morning, noon and evening for ventilation, and each time shall not be less than 30 minutes. When ventilated, children can be transferred to another room to avoid catching a cold.
2、 Keep the home surface clean.
Desktop, ground and other frequently contacted surfaces shall be kept clean. If family members go out or outsiders visit, disinfect the door handle, telephone, mobile phone and TV remote control when necessary. Children’s articles, such as toys and tableware, should be disinfected regularly.
3、 Timely handle oral and nasal secretions.
Parents should not cough or sneeze at children. Do not try or chew food with your mouth and then feed your child, including not blowing cold food with your mouth and then feeding your child. Don’t share tableware with children. If you want to cough or sneeze, you must cover your mouth and nose with paper towels. After that, throw the contaminated paper towels into the closed trash can immediately and wash your hands carefully with flowing water. If you don’t have time to take the paper towel, you should completely cover your mouth and nose with your arm first.
4、 Reduce going out, and protect if you need to go out.
Children should not go to crowded and confined places. Do not visit relatives and friends, and do not contact people with respiratory tract infection symptoms. If it is necessary to go out, for example, the time for some children to be vaccinated is coming. Parents can pay attention to the work dynamics of the local vaccination clinic, communicate with the vaccination doctor about the specific situation of children, and suggest making an appointment separately for decentralized vaccination. When going out, parents should help children wear masks correctly and take protective measures. Try not to take public transport. If you want to take it, stay away from others as far as possible and keep it at least 1m away. When going out, parents should tell children not to touch everywhere, and not to touch or rub the mouth, eyes, nose and other parts with hands.
5、 Correctly select and wear masks.
It is recommended that children and adolescents choose suitable mask products that meet national standards. Children should carefully read and correctly understand the instructions for use with the help of their parents, so as to master the methods of correctly using respiratory protective articles. Children younger than 1 year old should go out as little as possible, mainly passive protection, that is, indirectly protect children by relying on the protection of parents, family and caregivers. Parents should always pay attention to the wearing of children’s masks. If children feel uncomfortable when wearing masks, they should adjust or stop using them at any time.
6、 Pay attention to hand hygiene.
Children should wash their hands in time when they come back from going out, before and after meals, after coughing and sneezing. When washing hands, use flowing water and carefully rub each part of your hands with soap or hand sanitizer. After washing hands, you can wash your face. If your child cooperates, you can wash your nose and gargle. After parents go out and come back, they should change their clothes and wash their hands before holding or playing with their children.
7、 Avoid using electronic products and watching TV for a long time.
Children should not use electronic products for more than 15 minutes without learning, and the cumulative time should not exceed 1 hour per day. After 30 to 40 minutes of online learning, you should rest or look into the distance for 10 minutes, so that your eyes can have a full rest, or close your eyes for 5 to 10 minutes. It is emphasized that preschool children under the age of 6 should avoid using mobile phones, tablets and computers, and parents should also set an example and use electronic products as little as possible.
8、 Get rid of bad eye habits.
Don’t read or use electronic products when eating or lying in bed. Don’t read or write when the light is too dark or direct sunlight. During reading and writing, turn on the room headlamp and desk lamp at the same time, and the desk lamp shall have sufficient and uniform brightness and color temperature. Adhere to eye exercises twice a day, once in the morning and once in the afternoon. It is best to do eye exercises carefully after continuous eye use to give your eyes a full rest. Wash your hands before doing eye exercises.
9、 Maintain correct reading and writing posture.
The height of desks and chairs at home should be adjusted. When reading and writing, keep “three ones”, keep your hands an inch away from the tip of the pen, your eyes a foot away from the book, and your chest a punch from the desk.
10、 Ensure adequate sleep and nutrition.
It is suggested that primary school students sleep 10 hours a day, junior high school students 9 hours and senior high school students 8 hours. Children and adolescents need balanced nutrition, not picky eaters, partial eaters, overeating, and drinking no less than 1500 ml of water every day. Dinner is the main meal, breakfast is reasonable, a small amount of snacks, a variety of food, meat and vegetable collocation. It is recommended to eat fish, meat, eggs, milk, beans and nuts, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and supplement vitamins and dietary fiber.
11、 Follow the principles of safety, science, moderation and diversification for indoor exercise.
The amount of exercise should be moderate, mainly with medium and low intensity, and the body should sweat slightly. After exercise, pay attention to keep warm and rest. It is recommended to exercise at home for 15 to 20 minutes in the morning, afternoon and evening. Children focus on agility, flexibility, coordination and balance exercises. Teenagers can join speed, small strength and some cardiopulmonary endurance exercises. You can use bottled mineral water to simulate small dumbbells to do simple strength exercises at home.
12、 Pay attention to children’s mental health.
What parents should learn novel coronavirus pneumonia knowledge is to take the initiative to learn, adjust their emotions, maintain a stable mentality, and spend more time with children, communicate with children more frequently, transmit positive energy, tell children what happened by example, tell stories, and so on, and explain basic and simple knowledge of prevention and control. Parents should guide their children to study independently, live regularly and maintain a stable pace of life.
13、 Do a good job of health monitoring.
During the epidemic period, if children have cough, fever and other symptoms, but it is determined that they have not gone out, contacted patients or infected persons, they can first monitor their body temperature and treat common respiratory tract infections at home. If the body temperature continues not to drop, or the cough worsens, dyspnea, poor mental state, etc., it is recommended to go to the nearest hospital with pediatric outpatient service for examination and treatment according to the doctor’s advice.
In fact, the way to prevent COVID-19 is not complicated. The key is to pay attention to the details of life and the development of health habits. For parents who have children at home, they should not only protect adults’ safety, but also pay special attention to children’s health. Establish good health awareness and let the virus take advantage of it.