The influx of people during the holiday season is the peak of flu, scarlet fever and respiratory infections such as measles and chicken pox. Children and adolescents are the main population of respiratory infections, and the elderly with chronic diseases are also vulnerable to infection; Transportation and large shopping malls are high-risk places for outbreaks.
First, the home should pay attention to ventilation, pay attention to indoor disinfection.
Second, during the festival, as little as possible to the station, shopping malls, hospitals and other crowd gathering places.
Third, during travel, especially to pay attention to the car, boat, airplane, toilet and other public places in the handle, chair back arm, window and other parts, after touching to remember to wash hands.
Knowledge of prevention and treatment of infectious diseases
Managing sources of infection
The reason why infectious disease can be popular, cannot leave three basic conditions: source of infection, way of transmission and susceptible crowd. So prevention work should start from these three aspects. The source of infection can be the patient of the disease, the invisible infected person, the carrier and the infected animal. Patients who have been confirmed should be isolated as soon as possible, and the secretions or other contacts with pathogens should be disinfected. Clinical observation should be carried out on invisible infected persons and carriers. Infected animals, such as cattle, sheep, chickens and ducks, which can bring economic benefits, should be treated as much as possible, and those that cannot be cured should be disinfected after slaughter. Pests such as cockroaches, flies and mosquitoes should be eliminated without mercy.
Cut off the transmission route
All kinds of infectious diseases have their own ways of transmission. For example, respiratory infections are usually transmitted by droplets in the air. For example, SARS and SARS, people can wear masks and go to public places with large numbers of people as little as possible. Infectious diseases of the digestive system are mostly contracted through fecal-oral or direct contact with the secretions of patients, such as dysentery and ascariasis, which should urge people to wash their hands frequently and not to touch the belongings of patients. By understanding the way of transmission, take corresponding measures to stop the spread of the disease and epidemic route.
Protect vulnerable people
Not everyone who comes into contact with a source of infection will become infected, and it is only if the person has no immunity to the disease that the person is most likely to become ill. Usually can rely on strengthening nutrition, exercise to improve the immune system resistance, but for infectious diseases, the most effective or preventive vaccination. Some infections are lifelong immunity, which means that if you have it once, after you cure it, you have permanent immunity from the disease and you never get it again. Chicken pox is a good example. However, there are still many infectious diseases can not be avoided by vaccination, but it can improve immunity to a certain extent, and control the epidemic of diseases.
1.According to specific diseases, adjust the diet structure to ensure that patients can have enough nutrition, such as protein and vitamins, to enhance their resistance.
2.the patient should be isolated, and its secretions or other items that may carry pathogens should be disinfected at any time, which is also to prevent the patient from re-infection and aggravation of the disease.
3.specific treatment for pathogens, such as bacterial infection can be given antibiotics according to bacterial culture, viral infection can be given antiviral treatment, etc.
4. different diseases, clinical symptoms are different. Symptoms such as malaria can cause edema of the brain, which can be treated with dehydration. Cholera patients with severe vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration, need to replenish a large number of fluids to prevent circulatory failure.
5.In addition to the treatment of the disease itself, follow-up follow-up and rehabilitation treatment should be carried out for the sequelae brought by it.
Actually prevention is to reduce exposure and pathogens of infectious diseases, usually pay attention to the ventilation in the home, and don’t want to go where the crowd crowded, but also to enhance their physique and resistance, but once suffering from infectious diseases, must pay more attention on food, want to normal hospital for medical treatment at the same time, strive to recover at an early date!