Knowledge of prevention of infectious diseases


alopah Date:2021-08-04 10:17:49 From:alopah.com
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Spring is the high incidence season of infectious diseases. This article mainly introduces the prevention knowledge of infectious diseases in spring.

 

Spring prevention of infectious diseases to more ventilation: spring prevention of infectious diseases to wash hands frequently: spring prevention of infectious diseases to reduce the stimulation of the respiratory tract:

 

measles

 

Measles is the acute respiratory tract infectious disease that causes by measles virus, winter spring season is multiple, infectious force is extremely strong.

 

Clinical manifestations: Fever, rash, redness, watery eyes, photophobia, sneezing, runny nose, cough were the main symptoms. Complications such as pneumonia, laryngitis and encephalitis may occur during the course of the disease.

 

Source of infection: the patient is the source of infection, 2 days before the onset of the patient to rash after 5 days, eye conjunctival secretions, nose, mouth, pharynx, trachea secretions contain virus, infectious.

 

Transmission route: Direct transmission through airborne droplets is the main, but also through the virus contaminated articles indirect transmission, minimizing contact with patients and their families is the key to prevent measles.

 

Population susceptibility: The population is generally susceptible. More commonly seen in infants, but in recent years due to measles vaccine vaccination, the age of onset has a trend of later.

 

Preventive measures:

 

1.Do a good job in health care and get measles vaccine on time;

 

2.Indoor air circulation. Avoid going to public places during the popular season, especially infants under 8 months of age should avoid going to crowded places;

 

3.Exercise the body and enhance the disease resistance.

 

4.The patient should be isolated until the 5th day after the eruption, and given a nutritious and easily digestible liquid or semi-liquid diet, avoiding greasy and spicy food.

 

Tuberculosis

 

Tuberculosis, commonly known as “consumption”, is an infection caused by the invasion of tuberculosis bacilli. It is a chronic and slow infectious disease that is easy to occur in young people. The disease can occur all year round, with a high incidence in spring, and tuberculosis occurs in adolescents between the ages of 15 and 35

 

At the peak age of. The incubation period is 4 to 8 weeks. It is mainly transmitted by respiratory tract.

 

Main symptom: lack of power, inappeasement, emaciation, cough, blood is taken in phlegm, severe meeting hemoptysis, chest pain reachs dyspnea, the tuberculosis of a few acute development can appear the acute symptom such as high fever to come on. Typical systemic symptom basically has fatigue, eat

 

Want to decrease, emasculation, low fever, night sweat, the female can appear menstruation not to wait for sputum to check to have tuberculosis bacili, lung of X line chest piece has tuberculosis focus.

 

Infect a source and spread way: the patient of discharge bacterium tuberculosis that has symptom of cough, cough sputum is the main tuberculosis infect a source, spread way is infect by respiratory tract. Such as droplets; A kiss; In addition, clothing, bedding, etc., are sources of infection.

 

infectious diseases

 

Population susceptibility: The population is generally susceptible.

 

Preventive measures:

 

(1) Develop good hygiene habits. That is, no spitting.

 

(2) do a good job in indoor ventilation and keep the air fresh; Wash and dry bedding frequently.

 

(3) Treat diseases early.

 

(4) Infectious tuberculosis must be treated in isolation.

 

(5) Develop extensive sports activities. Moderate physical exercise, combine work and rest, reasonable diet, strengthen nutrition, enhance body immunity, improve their ability to resist tuberculosis.

 

Mumps

 

Mumps is an acute respiratory tract infection caused by mumps virus, called mumps in Chinese medicine, with strong infectivity, there are more mumps in winter and spring. Contact mumps patient or virus carrier after 5 days can come on, in

 

Crowded places in schools are easy to cause epidemics.

 

Clinical manifestations: the onset of fever, chills, headache, loss of appetite, general discomfort and other symptoms, 1-2 days later the parotid gland gradually enlarged, the body temperature can reach more than 39℃.

 

Diagnosis:

 

1.Medical history: Exposure to mumps 2-3 weeks prior to onset.

 

2.Parotid gland swelling, or can be accompanied by submandibular gland, sublingual gland swelling, combined encephalitis, pancreatitis, gao wan inflammation can have the corresponding clinical manifestations.

 

3.Laboratory examination: leukocyte value of blood is normal or decrease, lymphocyte is relative increase. Blood and urine amylase increased, serum antibody detection of early anti-S antibody increased, double serum anti-V antibody titer increased more than 4 times in 1 month.

 

Preventive measures:

 

1.During the epidemic, go to public places less. Live attenuated mumps vaccine can be used for intramuscular prevention.

 

2.The patient should be isolated until the gills subside.

 

3.During the disease, the diet should be light, mainly with liquid, semi-liquid, should not eat acidic food, fatty and fried food.

 

Although there are many kinds of infectious diseases in spring, as long as we pay attention to prevention, early detection, early isolation, early diagnosis and early treatment, the epidemic and transmission of infectious diseases can be effectively blocked.

 

1.To prevent infectious diseases in spring, avoid catching cold,

 

2.Spring prevention of infectious diseases to adhere to physical exercise and cold exercise,

 

3.To prevent infectious diseases in spring, pay attention to the rules of life,

 

4.To prevent infectious diseases in spring, strengthen personal hygiene and personal protection:

 

5.Early detection, early reporting and early treatment are needed to prevent infectious diseases in spring

 

6.To prevent infectious diseases in spring vaccination

 

Spring and summer are the high occurrence season of infectious diseases, and the incidence and transmission of intestinal infectious diseases, natural infectious diseases and insect-borne infectious diseases will increase greatly. Common infectious diseases include: influenza, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, tuberculosis, measles, chicken pox, mumps and so on. In view of the recent high incidence of all kinds of infectious diseases, in order to control the occurrence and prevalence of infectious diseases, the above is the introduction of several spring common infectious diseases related prevention knowledge, for the majority of teachers and students to do a good job in prevention, do a good job of personal, family and social environmental health, to achieve the purpose of effective prevention and control of diseases.

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