The holiday is coming, and the “mythical beast” is out of the cage. In the beginning of the wonderful and rich summer life, drowning, heat stroke, burning, airway foreign body suffocation and other accidents also entered the high incidence period. It is important to prevent accidents before they happen, but in case of accidents, in the golden time of first aid, it is also very important to master the correct first aid method!
We may know a lot of first aid methods, but most people only know one or two, did not receive systematic training and learning, really need to “fight”, often encounter a variety of problems in the actual operation so as to delay valuable time. Due to various objective factors, emergency personnel often can not immediately arrive at the scene, in the face of emergency emergencies, in the golden rescue period before the arrival of the ambulance to take first aid measures?
Time is life, gold rescue period can not be delayed. This period aims at the students and their parents during the holiday often encountered medical first aid content popular science. For drowning patients, sudden myocardial infarction patients and other groups, the correct implementation of CARDIopulmonary resuscitation to grasp the scientific method.
Drowning or myocardial infarction
The order of CPR varies depending on the situation
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, is a life-saving technique for the stopped heart and breathing to restore the patient’s autonomous breathing and circulation. Once cardiac arrest occurs, if immediate and timely resuscitation is not provided, it will cause irreversible damage to the patient’s brain and other vital organs within 4 to 6 minutes. Therefore, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) must be carried out immediately on the scene. In order to save the life of cardiac arrest injury patients to win the most precious time.
Summer vacation is hot season, children play with water, drowning accidents are also more. Doctors introduced, for drowning, sudden myocardial infarction patients and other groups, the correct implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to grasp the scientific method. He introduced, to rescue the object, to judge whether it is conscious, such as the other side is not conscious, it is necessary to quickly dial 120. Then determine breathing/pulse (5-10 seconds), if no breathing/pulse, begin CPR.
Routine CPR was performed in A C-A-B sequence.
C: Chest compressions. The pressing place is the midpoint of the line between the two nipples, the pressing frequency is at least 5cm (5-6cm), the pressing speed is 100-120 times/min.
A: Open the airway. Check and clear the foreign body in the oral cavity, open the airway by lifting the head and chin;
B: Artificial respiration: mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration, one second at a time, open to the chest to rise and fall, chest compressions and artificial respiration ratio 30:2, as far as possible to reduce the compression interrupt.
After five cycles, re-evaluate CPR for success, and if not, continue until medical professionals arrive.
Doctors stressed that drowning and cardiogenic cardiac arrest led to the order of CARDIopulmonary resuscitation is not the same, drowning due to lack of oxygen caused by cardiac arrest, so THE order of CARDIopulmonary resuscitation is A-B-C, that is, first artificial respiration 5 times, then start pressing.
For people who have been pulled ashore, he suggests holding the water for longer than they should, because the water’s cooler and more protective, so don’t give up too soon.
Burn or burn
Do not drink boiled water in large quantities after burning and scalding
Burn and scald is a very common skin injury in our life. Burn and scald mainly refers to the heat damage to our skin and mucous membrane, and can also injure the subcutaneous and submucosal tissues, such as muscles, bones, joints and even internal organs. Summer is also a high incidence of burns and scald period, children are burned and scald multiple people. Burns are the second most common cause of unintentional injury in hospitalized children, xinhua reported. The probability of burning and scald in indoor environment is significantly higher than that in outdoor environment, and the high risk areas are the dining room, kitchen, bathroom and living room. Secondary injury can be avoided by proper management of children’s burns.
Doctor, if accidentally burns burns, the first time to use cold water gently flush the wound, have clothes to cover the part should be stripped slowly, pay special attention to, when to take off the clothes to protect have blister wounds, avoid the blister skin peel off at the same time, because the blister skin have a protective effect on the wound, can reduce pain and to prevent damage to the deepening of the wound.
Soak the burned and scalded area in cold water for more than 30 minutes. If the burned area is more than 2%, wrap it gently with a clean towel and take it to the hospital for dressing and treatment.
Doctors stressed that while waiting for medical treatment, we should pay attention to the breathing and other vital signs of the injured. If the injured person is thirsty, it shows that they have dehydration and shock. They can take sugar and salt water orally in time. Do not drink a lot of plain water or mineral water.
Bitten or stung by an animal
Treat according to animal type
When people and animals are in nature together, it is inevitable that they will hurt each other. Even beloved cats and dogs sometimes attack their owners, not to mention other wild animals. In the wild, people are often bitten by wasps, centipedes, snakes and other animals. Doctors said that after being bitten or stung, if it is active bleeding, the first emergency hemostasis should be stopped. The main ways are pressure hemostasis, dressing hemostasis and tourniquet hemostasis.
The animal that bit was then treated accordingly. If it is a bee sting, clean the wound with a weak alkaline solution such as soapy water. If you are stung by a wasp, clean the wound with a weak acid solution such as acetic acid. If it is caused by touching worms, dermatitis can be applied with dermatitis flat; Be bitten by dog, want to use water, soapy water to wash, and as soon as possible to the hospital further treatment of wounds, timely hit rabies vaccine and anti-tetanus; If you are bitten by a snake, ligate the proximal area with a tourniquet. If possible, take a picture of the snake and go to the hospital as soon as possible for a doctor to determine whether it is a venomous snake and use snake venom.