1,Fish sticks in the throat
Fish sticks stuck in the throat is the most common in daily life, although it is not a big problem, but also need to be alert. Fish spike stuck in the throat, drink vinegar? Eat buns? Swallow rice? These are all wrong treatment methods.
If the patient is pregnant or obese, the chest should be squeezed. If the patient is unable to stand, place him/her on a solid surface and sit across the patient’s lap to squeeze the abdomen five times, then check if the foreign body is coughed up. When digging foreign body with fingers, dig only when you can see the foreign body, do not dig blindly.
Lean your body slightly forward and pinch the cartilage under the bridge of your nose with your fingers for about 5-15 minutes. If possible, put a small ice pack on the bridge of the nose also has a rapid effect of stopping bleeding.
Cool the area with cold water for 10 minutes. Cover with a clean, moist dressing. When the injury is swollen, remove the watch, bracelet, ring, etc., and gently fix the dressing, taking care not to tighten it too much. Tie a bandage to the opposite side of the injury.
For an unconscious person, make sure the airway is open. If the patient is vomiting, immediately place him/her in a stable lateral position and let the vomit flow out. Insist that the patient is warm, especially if it is wet and cold. Check respiration, pulse and level of response and use CPR immediately if necessary. Place the patient in a stable lateral position and monitor the condition closely, checking and recording respiration, pulse, and degree of response every 10 minutes.
If the eye is blown, do not rub and rinse, at most put an appropriate amount of anti-inflammatory eye drops and lie flat, rush to a hospital in condition. If the hand or foot is blown up by firecrackers and other bleeding, should quickly use both hands for the bleeding part of the card above, if there is Panax notoginseng powder can be sprinkled to stop the bleeding. If the bleeding is not only large, the application of rubber bands or coarse cloth tied above the bleeding site, elevate the affected limb, and sent to the hospital in a hurry to clear the wound. However, the band should be loosened every 15 minutes to avoid ischemic necrosis of the affected part.
First aid mnemonic: turn the head to the side
Typical symptoms: A person with a history of hypertension suddenly becomes slurred or even unconscious due to a sudden drop in temperature or emotional stress.
Family members should restrain their feelings, do not shout or violently shake the comatose person in order to wake up the patient, otherwise the patient will only lie flat on the bed, due to the elevated cerebral pressure, such patients are very prone to jet vomiting, if the vomit is not cleared in time, may lead to cerebral hemorrhage comatose person died of asphyxiation due to blockage of airway by vomit. Therefore, the patient’s head must be turned to the side, so that the vomit can flow out of the mouth. Family members can use ice bags or cold towels on the patient’s forehead to help stop the bleeding and reduce brain pressure.
If the bleeding is small and the injury is not serious, a band-aid can be applied to the wound after cleaning. It is not recommended to apply red salve or hemostatic powder or other drugs on the wound, as long as the wound is clean.
If the wound is large and bleeding, the bleeding should be stopped first and then rushed to the hospital immediately. The specific method of stopping bleeding is to use clean gauze to wrap the wound, pinch the root of the fingers on both sides and hold them high above the heart, because the blood vessels here are distributed on the left and right sides of the take this gesture can effectively stop bleeding. The use of rubber tourniquet will be more effective, but note that every 20-30 minutes the tourniquet must be relaxed for a few minutes, otherwise it is easy to cause ischemic necrosis of the finger.
First aid mantra: observe closely to prevent blood loss
Typical symptoms: massive blood loss due to an accident, blood pressure is zero.
For shock patients must pay attention to the patient’s head should be close to the back of the stretcher carrier when carried to the rescue, so as to facilitate close observation of the shocked person at any time in response to the deterioration of the condition. On the way to the hospital, the patient’s head should be facing the opposite direction of the vehicle (ambulance, airplane, etc.) to avoid further blood loss in the brain due to acceleration. If the person in shock is a pregnant woman, she should be put in the lateral position, otherwise the fetus and the huge uterus will compress the blood vessels, resulting in a decrease in the amount of blood return and aggravate the shock.
If the skin of the burn is still intact, it should be cooled locally as soon as possible, for example, by placing it under a tap and rinsing it for about 10 minutes. This will remove local tissue heat and reduce further damage. Wrap the injury with a loose, moist, preferably sterile pad. Be careful not to apply it too tightly. If the skin has been burned, cover it with a clean pad to protect the injury and reduce the risk of infection.
First aid recipe: lie on the left side
Typical symptoms: Patients with gastric ulcer, sudden onset of unbearable severe abdominal pain, and abdominal hardness and swelling, that is, the most likely sudden gastric perforation.
Do not cover your stomach and roll around, but lie down on the left side of the bed. The reason is that the perforation site is mostly located on the right side of the stomach. Lying on the left side can effectively prevent stomach acid and food from flowing further into the abdominal cavity and worsening the condition. If medical personnel cannot arrive in time, but there is some simple medical equipment on site, the patient can insert a gastric tube by himself. How to do this: Insert the tube into the nostrils to the throat, swallow hard while breathing, and swallow the tube into the stomach. Then use a syringe to draw out the contents of the stomach, which can reduce the level of infection in the abdominal cavity and win treatment time for the patient, remember that the patient must also be lying on the left side.
Don’t look at these are small common sense, but are the most common in life, the critical moment may be life-saving, keep these in mind, the future encounter these problems do not have to panic!