A hospital survey of different populations found that only 9.5 percent of people could perform CPR correctly. So when should YOU do CPR?
Determine whether or not to perform CPR
It is not the case that you can perform CPR immediately when you see the patient faint. You must first make a quick judgment on the patient. Please remember cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with loss of consciousness, breathing and heartbeat stop it (without breathing and pulse), specific judgment method is: pat shoulders, calling loudly, device according to the acupuncture points, touch the carotid pulse, if the patient has any reactions, the pulse also stopped, you can begin to do cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
Although many people are familiar with CPR, when faced with an emergency, many people are prone to making mistakes. Here are some common mistakes in performing CPR.
What are the common mistakes in CPR?
Error 1: Handling patients carelessly
It is a mistake for some people to move patients to other places because they feel uncomfortable passing out on hard floors. When a patient is identified as needing immediate CPR, it should be performed immediately and should not be moved to avoid secondary injury to the patient and waste of first aid time. Give the patient CPR within four minutes, and the success rate is greatly increased.
Error 2: Keeping your hand away from your chest while performing CPR
When pressing the patient’s chest, the palm must not leave the chest, otherwise it is easy to displacement, so that the pressing position is transferred from the center of the chest to the side of the rib, which is easy to cause the rib fracture of the patient.
Error 3: Using arm force alone
When performing CPR, pay attention to force. Use the weight of your arms or even your upper body to help with the pressure, not just your arm strength. But do not beat the patient’s chest with your hand, otherwise it will cause harm to the patient.
It seems that there are a lot of things to be careful about when doing CPR, and only doing it correctly has the best chance of saving a patient’s life.
How to do CPR correctly?
Step 1: Judge
According to the above mentioned method, quickly determine whether the patient needs to do CPR.
Step 2: Chest compressions
1.Preparation: Lay patient flat and unbutton shirt.
2.Pressing site: The pressing site is in the lower 1/3 of the sternum, which is the midpoint of the line between the two nipples.
3.Press method: The palms of both hands are folded in ten fingers and lift, the arms are straight, the elbows are not bent, and the weight of the body is used to press vertically down.
4.Press depth: Under normal circumstances, the adult press depth is 5 to 6 cm, after each press to be able to fully let the chest rebound.
5.Press frequency: 100-120 times per minute, 2 times artificial respiration after 30 chest compressions, remember 30-2-30-2 cycle.
Step 3: Open airway
After chest compressions, turn the patient’s head to one side and check for foreign bodies or dentures in the mouth, cleaning if necessary. The airway is then opened by lifting the chin with the head up or by holding the jaw with both hands.
Step 4: Artificial respiration
After opening the airway, perform artificial respiration on the patient quickly. Hold the jaw with one hand and the nostrils with the other hand. After inhaling, aim at the patient’s mouth and blow inward forcefully.
It should be noted that when performing CPR, we should always observe the patient, especially the face of the patient. Once the patient shows expressions or body movements, we should immediately stop doing CPR and observe whether the patient needs to do CPR again.
It is also critical that, in any case, CPR should be performed at the same time as calling an emergency center for better first-aid support. In addition, doing CARDIopulmonary resuscitation needs to consume a lot of physical strength, if the patient wakes up or the emergency center staff arrives, or the implementation of CARDIopulmonary resuscitation reaches 30 minutes but still ineffective, can be stopped according to the situation.
Everyone should learn how to perform CPR correctly, both for themselves and others.
Interaction: Tell me, does anyone in your family do it?