What about sudden illness and health accident? Remember three common first aid methods. You may be able to save yourself at a critical moment.
After entering the age of fewer children and aging, many families are facing many problems. For example, when people are old, they have no children to take care of and live alone. What if there is a disease? For example, if you fall down accidentally, you are very painful and can’t stand up. What should I do? What if your stomach hurts in the middle of the night, or your arms and legs ache?
In fact, for the elderly, although living alone is quiet and not noisy, they will also feel lonely. They are easy to be caught off guard in the face of some urgent diseases. However, if they can learn some simple knowledge of self rescue, they may be able to avoid many crises. Here, let’s talk about three common problems after living alone. What should we do?
Three common accidental self rescue techniques for living alone
How to judge your injury if you fall down carelessly at home?
First, understand where you fell? For example, which part of the body touches the ground, arms, hips, legs, or even head, and which part is more painful?
Try to move your hands and feet. If your hands and feet are painful, try to move your fingers and toes to confirm whether your legs are bent or broken. If your fingers and toes are still active and your legs are basically free, it may be just a simple sprain. After waiting for a few minutes, if the pain is relieved slowly, try to stand up relying on furniture and walls, slowly walk to a place with a mobile phone or fixed line, and call first aid.
In the process of waiting for first aid, keep sitting and lying posture and make yourself feel more comfortable.
The above treatment method is that you are conscious and have the ability to move. If you feel very painful and can’t move, you may have a fracture. If the phone is nearby, give first aid as soon as possible. If the phone is not nearby, you need to call for help loudly; In case of serious fall injury or even loss of consciousness, it’s up to luck to wait for others to find themselves. Of course, usually walk around with neighbors, or formulate some self-help measures to let neighbors contact home or phone regularly, which can take care of each other and is prone to accidents.
What about carbon monoxide poisoning?
This kind of situation often occurs when heating in winter, but it is less common in cities due to central heating, but it is prone to carbon monoxide poisoning when bathing with gas-fired water heater. Generally, carbon monoxide poisoning will have strong reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, headache, etc. in serious cases, it can lead to heart and brain hypoxia. Once the hypoxia lasts for a long time, brain damage will be serious, It may lead to abnormal brain function and degradation of some behaviors. If the first aid is slow, it may lead to death.
So what may be carbon monoxide poisoning? If you have the following performance, you should pay attention: when taking a bath, the more you wash, the more sleepy you are; Suddenly feel headache, dizziness, or the whole body is soft and weak, accompanied by nausea, vomiting and other phenomena. At this time, if the doors and windows are closed, it is more likely to be carbon monoxide poisoning.
So, what should we do?
You should immediately open the doors and windows, turn off all electrical equipment and leave the room. In addition, the heating should be electric, not coal-fired, because the heating is used in the bedroom, the ventilation is not good, and once it leaks, it is very dangerous; Gas fired water heaters should be well ventilated and checked regularly. Remember to open windows in winter to keep indoor air circulation.
How should I save myself from stomachache in the middle of the night?
Lie in the most comfortable position without too tight constraints on your stomach.
Wait for a period of time. After about 15 minutes, the pain still can not be relieved, and it is getting more and more painful, or when the pain reaches cold sweat, pale face, vomiting and diarrhea, please call the doctor immediately. If you have strong vomiting, be sure not to choke on vomit.
If the situation has been maintained, you can not worry first. At this time, you should clearly record your symptoms, such as whether you have diarrhea? Diarrhea frequency? Fecal color, etc. In particular, before going to the hospital for diagnosis, don’t take painkillers or hot or cold compresses by yourself, because if you deal with it by yourself, it may mislead the doctor’s judgment and delay the treatment.
Of course, if there is a cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency, you need to call a doctor as soon as possible. You should also pay attention to prevention at ordinary times. For example, if you have a chronic disease, you should take medicine regularly. For the elderly, two different medicine boxes can be kept at home, one for the treatment of chronic diseases and the other for first aid.
Put the medicine you usually take in the medicine box for chronic diseases. Try to divide it into daily and each dose. Take it directly when necessary to avoid taking it by mistake. You can also put some sphygmomanometers, blood glucose meters and so on; In the first-aid kit, prepare gauze, medical tape, alcohol, iodine, etc. small bumps and injuries can be used by yourself.
In fact, this knowledge is not only helpful to the elderly, but also to all people living alone. Accidents are sometimes inevitable, but with this knowledge of health first aid, it is possible to avoid unexpected dangerous results.
When you go to the hospital for treatment, remember to take the initiative to inform yourself of your chronic disease and drug allergy history
If a person wants to go to the hospital for treatment, what should he do to see a doctor smoothly? During the consultation, don’t forget to say these three aspects:
When patients go to see a doctor themselves, they must remember to recall their discomfort symptoms, especially those that occurred before but not now, which is of great help to the doctor’s judgment. You can also sort it out in advance and ask yourself a few questions: what are your discomfort symptoms? How long does it last? What symptoms did you have before and not now?
Detailed medical history
Tell your doctor about your medical history, chronic diseases, infectious diseases, family history, etc. in addition, whether you have had surgery, trauma, whether you have been in hospital, etc. These are helpful to judge the current disease status.
Don’t forget the history of drug allergy
In fact, many people are allergic to antipyretics, antibiotics and painkillers. If doctors do not understand and prescribe drugs for diseases, they may let patients take drugs that make them allergic. Serious drug allergy may lead to life-threatening of patients. So, be sure to remind the doctor.