Now cervical cancer is more and more, which is the most common cancer in women. Some problems about cervical cancer perplex women. Can cervical cancer be cured? How to prevent in life? What are the treatments? Let’s follow alopah to understand.
Can cervical cancer be cured?
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women, which can be divided into early stage and middle and late stage. The principle of treatment is to ensure the survival rate and quality of life of patients. Many methods of comprehensive treatment are used in the treatment. The treatment of cervical cancer is mainly surgery, radiotherapy, or surgery plus radiotherapy, supplemented by chemical therapy. Early patients are mainly treated by surgery, while the middle and late patients are mainly treated by radiotherapy. Some early patients who are not suitable for surgery can also be treated by radiotherapy. In recent years, chemotherapy as an adjuvant treatment of surgery or radiotherapy has been carried out at home and abroad, and some results have been achieved.
Surgical treatment: in principle, it is limited to early patients, that is, patients with carcinoma in situ, stage I and stage IIA. Those higher than stage IIA have poor effect of surgical treatment, so radiotherapy should be the first choice. The scope of surgery is determined according to the specific conditions, such as the depth, size, clinical stage, pathological type and cell differentiation of the lesion. The following different surgical methods are performed:
① Conization of the cervix,
② Extended extrafascial hysterectomy,
③ Subtotal hysterectomy,
④ Extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection,
⑤ Other methods.
Radiotherapy: it is applicable to all stages of invasive cervical cancer, elderly and inoperable early cancer and carcinoma in situ. Radiotherapy is also feasible. Standardized radiotherapy for cervical cancer includes two parts: extracorporeal radiotherapy and intracavitary radiotherapy, which forms a reasonable dose distribution in the tumor area. In addition to a few early cancers, it is generally necessary to combine intracavitary and extracorporeal radiotherapy in order to achieve ideal curative effect and radical cure. The cure rate of cervical cancer is more than 90% in the early stage, 60% to 70% in the middle stage and 11% to 50% in the late stage (stage III and IV).
Therefore, female friends must pay attention to the prevention and treatment of cervical cancer. It is best to do physical examination regularly, which is helpful to the early detection and treatment of the disease. It will not develop into serious consequences.
How to prevent cervical cancer in life:
1,Pay attention to the hygiene of husband and wife’s life, which is an effective means to prevent cervical cancer. A large number of data show that HPV virus infection is directly related to cervical cancer. Many female cervical cancer infections are caused by sex.
2,Promote late marriage, late childbearing and family planning.
3,Stay away from the risk factors of cervical cancer. Many sexually transmitted diseases will cause cervical cancer, especially condyloma acuminatum. Therefore, women with more sexual partners are high-risk groups of cervical cancer. In addition, women with premature and excessive sexual life, premature, excessive and dense childbearing, promiscuity, malnutrition, long-term oral contraceptives, family genetics and gynecological examination instruments will also increase the risk of cervical cancer.
4,Pay attention to the prevention and treatment of chronic cervical diseases, and actively treat cervical erosion, cervical condyloma, cervical atypical hyperplasia and other diseases. Pay attention to puerperal health care, prevent cervical laceration and timely repair after laceration.
5,Pay attention to the early symptoms of cervical cancer, such as contact bleeding and bloody leucorrhea, and see a doctor in time. For women over 30 years old, cervical curettage should be performed routinely at the initial diagnosis. For those with abnormalities, biopsy under colposcopy can be used for further diagnosis.
Daily care of cervical cancer:
Ensure adequate rest. Carry out appropriate sports activities, such as playing Tai Chi, walking, doing health exercises, practicing Qigong, etc., to restore physical function.
Adjust your mind and take good care of your body. A healthy mind is conducive to the recovery of your body.
Wash vagina on time every day and change underwear in time. Keep your stool unobstructed.
Review on time, once every 3 months within 2 years, once every half a year in the second to fifth years, and annually after five years.
Treatment policy for cervical cancer:
According to the clinical stage, patient age, fertility requirements, general condition, medical technology level and equipment conditions, an appropriate individualized treatment plan is formulated.
1,Radiotherapy is applicable to:
① Middle and late stage patients
② Early patients whose general condition is not suitable for operation
③ Preoperative radiotherapy for large cervical lesions
④ Adjuvant therapy with high-risk factors found by pathological examination after surgical treatment.
2,Chemotherapy is mainly used for patients with advanced or recurrent metastasis. In recent years, surgery combined with preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy (intravenous or arterial infusion chemotherapy) is also used to reduce tumor lesions and control subclinical metastasis. It is also used for radiotherapy sensitization.
3,Surgical treatment is mainly used for patients with early cervical cancer. The common operation methods are: total hysterectomy; Subtotal hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection; Extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection; Abdominal paraaortic lymphadenectomy or sampling. Different operative methods were selected according to different stages of patients.
Dietary conditioning for cervical cancer:
Eat more grains and bean products, such as soybean milk, thousand pieces, tofu, etc. Eat more vegetables, such as broccoli, spinach, green beans, etc. Because the above foods can supplement the plant estrogen needed by the body.
Supplement trace elements zinc and selenium. Zinc and selenium play a very important role in the production and function of immune cells. Foods containing more zinc and selenium in plant raw materials are edible fungi, laver, sesame, peanut, wheat germ powder, nuts, etc.
Supplement vitamin C intake. Vegetables with more vitamin C are: cauliflower, white radish, potato, cabbage, rape and other green vegetables.
Add carotene. Plant foods rich in carotene are spinach, rape, amaranth, lettuce leaves and pumpkin.
Through the description of cervical cancer in the above article, we should understand that the cure rates of early cervical cancer and advanced cervical cancer are different. We should pay attention to the prevention of various diseases in life, so women should have regular physical examination, find problems in time and treat them as soon as possible.