Disease risk tips in September 2021: while continuing to do well in the prevention and control of new crown pneumonia in September, attention should be paid to prevention and control of infectious diseases such as chickenpox and viral diarrhea.
1.Novel coronavirus pneumonia
The novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic continues to spread throughout the world. The risk and pressure of overseas epidemic are persisting. The epidemic is spreading more and more, and some local areas have rebounded. Everyone is the first person responsible for their own health, and personal protection cannot be relaxed.
1,Do a good job in daily protection, and adhere to the good habits of wearing masks, washing hands frequently, less gathering, frequent ventilation and so on.
2,Safe travel. Do not leave the country or go to medium and high risk areas unless necessary. Take the initiative to cooperate with the inspection when taking public transport, and wear masks throughout the process.
3,Do a good job in self-health monitoring. In case of fever, cough and other suspicious symptoms, take good protection and see a doctor in time.
4,The school-age population is vaccinated with the new crown vaccine.
Varicella is caused by varicella zoster virus, which can occur all year round. It is common in young children, preschool and school-age children. The disease is highly infectious and has a high incidence rate. It often causes chickenpox outbreaks in kindergartens and schools.
The incubation period of chickenpox is 10-24 days, mostly 14-16 days. Chickenpox has an acute onset. Fever may occur in the first 1-2 days, followed by rash. The rash first occurs on the scalp, trunk and other parts, and then there are maculopapular rash, blister and scab on the skin and mucosa in batches. The three exist at the same time. The blister pain and itching are obvious. If it is secondary to infection due to scratching, scars can be left.
Mode of transmission:
Chickenpox can be transmitted by respiratory droplets and direct contact, or by contact with utensils contaminated by the virus.
1,Wear a mask to prevent respiratory tract transmission.
2,Pay attention to personal hygiene, wash hands frequently and avoid contact with varicella patients.
3,Ventilate frequently to keep the indoor air fresh.
4,Children with chickenpox should be isolated at home or hospitalized according to the doctor’s advice until all blisters scab. During isolation, children should avoid going out and contacting other children; If there are other children in the family, accommodation, toys and daily necessities should be separated as far as possible, and pay close attention to their health status.
5,Vaccinate chickenpox vaccine to protect susceptible children.
Viral diarrhea is a group of acute intestinal infectious diseases caused by a variety of viruses.
For acute onset, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever and general discomfort. The clinical manifestations of gastroenteritis caused by various viruses are basically similar. There are many kinds of pathogens of viral diarrhea, including rotavirus, adenovirus, astrovirus, calicivirus and so on. Autumn is the high incidence season of viral gastroenteritis, in which norovirus gastroenteritis is easy to cause outbreak in the collective.
1,Keep good hand hygiene habits. Wash hands with flowing water according to the seven step washing method when returning outdoors, before meals and after defecation.
2,Pay attention to drinking water and food hygiene. Do not drink raw water, carefully clean fruits and vegetables, cook food correctly, and disinfect tableware.
3,Early detection and isolation of patients. After illness, try not to get in close contact with other healthy family members, especially not to cook and take care of the elderly and infants; The patient’s vomit and feces should be disinfected.
4,In case of gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, seek medical attention in time to prevent severe cases.