Western medicine in oil painting: those scary and funny stories record the progress of medicine. With the unremitting efforts of medical staff and timely crowd isolation measures, the epidemic situation of pneumonia has been gradually and effectively controlled. We can hear some good news: the growth rate of the number of confirmed cases has slowed down, and there has been some progress in vaccine research. We all maintain a firm and optimistic attitude in the war against the epidemic.
Modern advanced medical technology plays an important role in fighting the epidemic. But hundreds of years ago, Western medical technology made people unable to look directly at it, which was ridiculous. People don’t know much about this, and even made all kinds of funny but scary attempts. The patients were like mice in the experiment, and finally died painfully in torture.
Black history of Western Medicine
Before the 17th and 18th centuries, no matter what disease it was, doctors in Europe could only do two things for treatment, one was to enema the patient, the other was to bleed the patient.
Now, we can’t say that enema and bleeding are completely useless for treatment. After all, if we happen to encounter the symptomatic condition, this method can work. However, for most patients, when they get sick, they are already weak. How much blood can a person have if they put it around like this? Finally, they just increase the speed of death.
Therefore, in the medical profession at that time, the mortality rate was particularly high. There is not much difference between doctors and non doctors. The key is just how to operate enema and bloodletting.
Moreover, priests can be part-time doctors at the same time. While doing their own work, they can treat patients in their spare time. As a priest, they will study medicine in the monastery, but what they learn is limited. But medicine in the Middle Ages was very different from that in ancient Rome.
In ancient Roman times, although doctors were not completely separated from the clergy, they were generally accepted as a special profession. Because doctors sometimes play the role of executioners, they also dissect corpses after killing people. It can be said that doctors in ancient Rome had a very high level of understanding of human structure.
However, after the barbarians destroyed the Roman Empire, their civilization was also buried, which also led to the regression of medicine to the low-level witch doctor stage. It was only because the Christian tradition of the Roman Empire was preserved that the doctor was not completely transformed into a witch doctor barbarian, but combined with professional clergy.
The advantage of this combination is that in Roman times, when patients were not cured, doctors would be blamed more or less, but in the middle ages, people would only blame themselves, such as patients and their families’ prayers were not attentive, their attitude was not pious, and what they did to offend the gods.
Castilloni, a famous Italian medical historian, well summarized this phenomenon, “generally speaking, doctors are just witches, using spells and symbolic rituals to expel the devil from the human body.”
Although there were no cameras at that time, artists still recorded these histories in their own way. Next, let’s take a look at the Western medical stories written by painters.
Bosh: treating fools
Hieronymus Bosch in the 15th century was a famous painter in Netherland. His painting style is strange, realistic, with obvious symbolism and metaphor. Because I couldn’t see the situation at that time, I recorded the methods of people treating “too low IQ” at that time, and named the painting “treating fools”.
This painting of madness, treating madness, is very famous and ironic. People think that the reason for madness is that there is a “stone” in the head. If you take the stone out of the human brain, madness will heal.
The painting depicts a surgeon wearing a “wisdom funnel” who opened his head to release the evil spirit from the head of the mentally disordered, with monks and nuns standing next to him. The doctor in the painting is wearing a funnel-shaped hat, which is the symbol of a charlatan at that time, while the woman next to her, with a book on her head, is also suggesting her stupidity.
This painting vividly reproduces the real situation of the treatment of mentally disordered people in medieval European society, and has become a rare classic reflecting its treatment history in the history of psychiatry.
Therefore, boss will draw this picture, of course, not to praise the operation, but to tell us through the operation that it is just a deceptive trick. There is another paragraph below that says, “master, take this stone quickly. I’m lubbert Das”. (lubbert Das can be translated as Mr. Bean)