How much do you know about the proper use of antibiotics?

alopah Date:2021-08-18 14:19:35
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Do you really need to take anti-inflammatory drugs? Did you know that many of the commonly used anti-inflammatory drugs are antibiotics? Do you know that excessive use of antibiotics may lead to no medicine in the future? How much do you know about antibiotics?


These common medicines that you take when you feel a little sick are antibiotics


The main four categories of antibiotics commonly used by the people, including penicillin, cephalosporins, macrolides and quinolones, like cephalexin, cefixime, penicillin amoxicillin, quinolones levofloxacin, macrolides erythromycin, azithromycin, etc. are not uncommon in the small family medicine box.


The director of the pharmacy department said that the antibacterial spectrum of each antibiotic is not the same. The concept of “anti-inflammatory drugs” is actually much bigger, there are bacterial and non-bacterial inflammation, antibiotics are mainly for bacterial inflammation.




The consequences of abusing antibiotics can be very serious


The actual antibiotics are not only effective, but they also have antibodies to the antibiotics and become resistant to them. The resistant bacteria will be passed on to the offspring, and if the offspring bacteria carry the resistance gene, they may colonize your body, and once your immunity decreases, the resistant bacteria will reproduce in large numbers, and at that time you can only change to a more advanced antibiotic, and it takes a long time to develop a new drug.


What’s even more frightening is that drug-resistant bacteria can spread, and if they are allowed to multiply and spread unchecked, humans will have no antibiotics to use. If a doctor’s hand touches a patient carrying drug-resistant bacteria, and he then touches another patient with a weak immune system, that patient will be infected. This is why hospitals are important places to guard against the spread of drug-resistant bacteria.


In addition, some patients use an antibiotic at home for two weeks or even a month or more. If a mild to moderate infection is generally not effective for 3-5 days, you should see your doctor for a follow-up. The course of antibacterial drugs for severe infections will be longer. For example, some cephalosporin III drugs eaten in a disorderly manner can lead to a disturbance in the balance of intestinal flora. For example, if a mycoplasma infection chooses to use cefixime, it may kill off the normal negative bacteria in the body. These problems can occur with prolonged use or with unsuitable or abusive use of antibiotics.


Some antibiotics can cause allergic reactions such as rashes to appear and possibly induce anaphylaxis. If you are allergic yourself, you should be even more careful with the medication, for example, if you are allergic to the use of penicillin, then you should also observe when using cephalosporin antibiotics. A common allergy is a rash, and if the mild skin allergy phenomenon is not treated in time, it may lead to life-threatening allergy symptoms such as large blisters and sloughing. Taking antibiotics in an uncontrolled manner can also bring about damage to the organs. Macrolide antibiotics, for example, are relatively obvious for liver damage. Aminoglycosides have significant nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. Levofloxacin also has some nephrotoxicity.


Some other problems arise when antibiotics are taken together with some other drugs. For example, erythromycin and some lipid-lowering drugs taken together may trigger myalgia and increase the risk of rhabdomyolysis.


The right posture for using antibiotics


In a poster for this year’s Antibiotic Awareness Week, the World Health Organization wrote that there are many things individuals can do to prevent the misuse of antibiotics.


1,only use antibiotics when prescribed by a certified health professional


2,always take your medication according to the full prescription, even if you feel better


3,do not use leftover antibiotics.


4,Do not share antibiotics with others. 5.


5,Prevent infection by washing your hands frequently, avoiding contact with patients and getting needed vaccinations in a timely manner.

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