Many patients with hypertension will be accompanied by angina pectoris, which has a great impact on people’s normal life and work. As we all know, the treatment of hypertension needs drug control. What drugs do you take for hypertensive angina pectoris? What drug effect does angina pectoris hypertension take? The answers to these questions perplex many people.
For the treatment of hypertensive angina pectoris, the guidelines emphasize improving the symptoms of angina pectoris and improving the prognosis of patients. The former recommends amlodipine and the latter recommends benazepril. These two drugs are commonly used antihypertensive drugs.
Firstly, benazepril hydrochloride tablets belong to a precursor drug, which is hydrolyzed into the active substance benazepril, which can inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and prevent the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. It can effectively inhibit the secretion of aldosterone *, reduce the retention of water and sodium, improve the deformability of erythrocytes, relieve the symptoms of angina pectoris, and have a good effect of reducing blood pressure.
Amlodipine is a calcium influx blocker, which can selectively inhibit the influx of calcium ions into vascular smooth muscle and cardiomyocytes, especially vascular smooth muscle. It can relax vascular smooth muscle, so as to reduce blood pressure, expand peripheral blood vessels, reduce peripheral vascular resistance, expand coronary arteries and increase blood flow, which is conducive to the improvement of myocardial ischemia and hypoxia, alleviate the clinical symptoms of patients with coronary heart disease, and take effect quickly, the effect is lasting and the blood pressure is stable after medication.
The single compound preparation amlodipine benazepril tablet II (diomibe) combines the advantages of the above two, has a synergistic effect, has a better effect in the treatment of coronary heart disease and hypertension, does not increase the adverse reactions of patients after taking medicine, effectively improves the clinical symptoms of patients and reduces the pain of patients with high blood pressure.
What should hypertensive patients pay attention to in diet?
Limit fat intake
When cooking, patients with hypertension should choose vegetable oil to reduce the intake of fat. In addition, patients with hypertension can eat more sea fish, because sea fish contains unsaturated fatty acids, which can oxidize bile, reduce plasma bile, prolong platelet aggregation, inhibit thrombosis and prevent stroke. It also contains more linoleic acid, which can increase the elasticity of microvessels, Preventing vascular rupture can effectively inhibit the complications of hypertension.
Eat foods rich in potassium and calcium and low in sodium
Patients with hypertension need to eat more foods rich in potassium and calcium but low in sodium, such as potatoes, eggplant, kelp, lettuce, etc., which is conducive to controlling the condition of patients with hypertension. In addition, patients with hypertension also need to eat more milk, sour milk, shrimp skin, foods with more calcium, less broth, etc., because the increase of nitrogen extract in broth can promote the increase of uric acid in the body, Add the burden of weight, liver and kidney.
Control energy intake
After the onset of hypertension, we should first control energy intake and advocate eating complex sugars, such as starch and corn. Patients with hypertension should eat less glucose, fructose and sucrose. These sugars are easy to aggravate the condition of patients with hypertension, and patients should eat less.
Limit salt intake
Patients with hypertension should limit their intake of salt, and the incidence of hypertension is closely related to the salty intake. Reducing sodium consumption is beneficial to reducing the incidence rate of hypertension. In addition, patients with hypertension can also eat more fresh vegetables and fruits and appropriately increase the intake of seafood, such as kelp, laver, seafood fish, etc. These foods are beneficial to the recovery of patients with hypertension.
Through the above introduction, I believe you have enough understanding of what drugs to take for hypertensive angina pectoris and what drugs to take for angina pectoris and hypertension. Hypertension is accompanied by angina pectoris. While taking drugs in time, diet should also be adjusted reasonably.