Every family is equipped with a “medicine box”, which may be a drawer or a bookcase. From children to the elderly, all kinds of medicines are piled up, and it is very troublesome to find them. What medicines are suitable for the family medicine box? What details do you need to pay attention to in order to prepare medicine at home?
7 types of internal medicine necessary for home use
According to the composition of family members, the family medicine box should cover four categories of internal medicine, external medicine, special populations and auxiliary supplies.
Internal medicine. This category can choose common cold and flu medicine, antipyretic and analgesic medicine, cough and phlegm medicine, antidiarrheal medicine, laxative medicine, anti-allergy medicine, digestive aid, generally not recommended to stock antibacterial drugs.
Topical drugs. These drugs are mainly topical disinfectants, such as 75% ethanol (alcohol), iodophor, etc. Other topical drugs can be prepared with Yunnan Baiyun. Other topical medications can be prepared such as Yunnan Baiyao, anemone, etc. Band-aids, sterilized medical swabs, gauze, bandages and other hygiene materials should also be prepared.
Emergency medicine. If there are special diseases in the family, you should also prepare common emergency drugs as recommended by doctors. Such as cardiovascular disease patients prepare nitroglycerin, aspirin, asthma patients ready albuterol sulfate aerosol, etc..
Auxiliary supplies. The family medicine box also needs some storage aids, such as small pill boxes, convenient small pill boxes, timed pill boxes, pill cutters, grinders, etc.
Internal medicine is the “main” member of the family medicine box. The following are the recommended backup medications.
Cold and flu medicine. Usually, oral cold medicine is a common member of the family medicine box, so you can have Phenomethamine tablets and Vitamin C silver warp tablets. Cold is a self-limiting disease, usually without medication, more rest, drink more hot water can be self-healing, but take medicine to relieve symptoms. It is important to note that many cold medicines contain the same ingredients, so be sure to read the instructions carefully to avoid duplication of medication and take them strictly in accordance with the recommended dose and usage.
When using Chinese medicine, it is best to distinguish between wind-heat cold, wind-cold cold or influenza, different types of drugs are used.
Antipyretic and analgesic drugs. Commonly available are ibuprofen suspension and acetaminophen tablets, which can relieve symptoms such as fever, headache and joint pain after a cold.
It is important to note that they should be used with caution for people with a history of stomach problems and peptic ulcers. Patients whose pain symptoms have significantly worsened or new pain symptoms have appeared, as well as those who have not been able to relieve their symptoms after 3 consecutive days of medication, should consult a doctor.
Cough suppressant and phlegm remover. For cough relief, you can prepare dextromethorphan hydrobromide tablets and snake bile and Chuanbei loquat cream; for phlegm relief, you can choose aminoglutethimide hydrochloride tablets and acetylcysteine granules. Currently, for dry cough, dextromethorphan hydrobromide is the only over-the-counter central cough suppressant, commercially available in syrup and tablet form. In daily life, people often also choose proprietary Chinese medicines to stop coughing, but Chinese medicine is concerned with evidence-based treatment, and the lack of evidence is often difficult to play a role.
Antidiarrheal medicine. Generally, oral rehydration salts and montelukast can be prepared. Oral rehydration salts can prevent and correct dehydration caused by diarrhea. Montelukast is a highly effective GI mucosal protector, which also improves the absorption and secretion function of the intestinal tract and effectively blocks the attack of pathogenic microorganisms.
Patients with diarrhea should preferably seek medical attention in the early stages of the disease to diagnose whether it is infectious or functional, whether it is a bacterial or viral infection, and whether it is due to food poisoning, indigestion or cold.
Laxatives. Lactulose is not absorbed by the body and can relieve constipation by promoting colon peristalsis, which is especially suitable for the elderly, pregnant women, children and those with post-operative constipation. However, constipation should not rely solely on medication, but should also start with lifestyle changes and improved dietary habits.
Anti-allergy drugs. Loratadine is an antihistamine anti-allergy drug for skin, food and drug allergies. In addition to tablets, there are also syrups and drops for children.
Digestive aids. Such as multi-enzyme tablets, antibiotic tablets, etc.
Five common drug labeling language to understand
1.Identify prescription drugs and non-prescription drugs.
Prescription drugs must be prescribed by a licensed physician or a licensed assistant physician before deployment, purchase and use; over-the-counter drugs have the word “OTC” on the package and can be purchased without a prescription, so the public can buy them as needed and use them according to the instructions. Class A is white on a red background; Class B is white on a green background, which is safer.
2.Distinguish the name of the drug to avoid duplication.
Distinguish the generic name of drugs, trade names. Generic name is the legal name of the drug, each drug has only one generic name, the font on the package is large and eye-catching. The same generic name of the drug will have different manufacturers, each manufacturer will then register a unique name in order to establish the brand, is the trade name, the font on the packaging is relatively small.
Look at the composition of the drug to avoid duplication of medication. Some of the proprietary Chinese medicines also add western ingredients, careful differentiation is not easy to cause repeated use of drugs.
3.Concerned about the document number to identify the authenticity.
Drug approval number is a legitimate symbol of drug production enterprises in accordance with the law, do not buy and use “drugs” without the approval number label. At the same time, also distinguish between drugs and health products. The approval number of drugs is “State Drug Certificate”; the approval number of health care products is “State Food and Health”.
If you are really not sure, you can go to the official website of the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration to check.
4.Distinguish the expiration date and production date.
The date of manufacture refers to the factory date of the drug; the expiration date is the period when the quality of the drug can meet the requirements under the specified storage conditions, generally refers to the period of use when the drug is not opened. It should be reminded that once the outer packaging is opened, the use period of the drug will be significantly shortened, especially for bottles, bags and liquid preparations.
5.caution, contraindicated, prohibited do not confuse.